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Interview with Dr. V. Abdur Rahim:Madrasas Do not Teach Arabic as a Living Language

Bismillah arRahman arRahim

This is an interviewed by Muqith Mujtaba Ali with the scholar of Arabic Language and the author of the famous “Madina Books”: Dr. V. Abdur Rahim (Bio)

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Madrasas Do not Teach Arabic as a Living Language

Mr. Muqith Mujtaba Ali met this distinguished scholar in Madras (Chennai, India) in July 1997 and interviewed him for Islamic Voice.(This interview was published in August 1997 issue of the Islamic Voice, a popular Islamic Monthly published from Bangalore, India)

Muqith: What led you to Arabic language scholarship?
V. AbdurRahim: Arabic as the language of the Holy Qur’an had fascinated me. When I was young, my father took me to a ‘Maulana’. Continue reading ‘Interview with Dr. V. Abdur Rahim:Madrasas Do not Teach Arabic as a Living Language’

Dr. V. Abdur Rahim

Bismillah arRahman arRahim

I doubt there are any English-speaking Muslims that have pursued the path of learning Arabic(fus-ha) and have not heard of the “Madina Books” or it’s author Dr. V. Abdur Rahim. Yet, to my surprise, I had some difficulty trying to find any biographical information about the man behind the books. In my search I came across a few things which I might post later, but for now lets just stick with the biography. I tried finding his first name but haven’t found it yet, if anyone knows let me know, insha’Allah.

Dr. V. Abdur Rahim

V. Abdur Rahim was born in the small town of Vaniyambadi in the state of Tamil Nadu, India in 1933. After finishing his secondary school studies, he joined Presidency College, University of Madras where he majored in English Language and Literature. He graduated in 1957. In 1964, he joined al-Azhar University, Cairo, where he did his M.Phil. and Ph.D. in Arabic Philology.

It is to be noted that Abdur Rahim learnt Arabic by himself. The school where he did his secondary school studies offered Arabic, but the lessons it offered consisted of only memorizing the conjugation tables. Abdur Rahim detested this method.  He thought that it was the most unnatural way of learning a language. Only dead languages like Latin, Syriac, etc. are taught this way. Living languages teach sentences straightaway. He decided to design a curriculum to teach Arabic to non-native speakers of Arabic.

In 1969, Continue reading ‘Dr. V. Abdur Rahim’

Musings #1: Torture and Sacrifice

Bismillah arRahman arRaheem

1.
The Prophet (salAllahu’alayhi wa Salaam) said,

‘The believers before you were persecuted much more than you. Their bones were scraped with combs of iron and their heads were cut with saws, but still they did not give up their Faith. I assure you that Allah will fulfill this Mission, and there will come a period of such peace that one would travel from Sanna to Hadramaut, and he will have no fear from anyone, save Allah. But you people have already become impatient’.”

(Bukhari) This was in reference to Khabbab ibn Arat asking the Prophet (salAllahu’alayhi wa sallam) to make dua’ to Allah to help them, so the persecution would stop.

2.
‘Umar (Radiyallahu anhi) during his caliphate once inquired of Khabbab ibn al’Arat about the details of his sufferings after embracing Islam. He showed him his back, seeing which ‘Umar remarked, “I have never seen such a back before.” He said,

“My body was dragged over heaps of smoldering charcoal, and the blood and fat coming out of my back put out the fire.”

It is said that, when Islam spread and the Muslims conquered all the surrounding territory, he used to weep and say:

“Allah seems to be compensating us in this world for all our sufferings, and perhaps nothing would be left for us as reward in the Hereafter.”

3.
Rabi’ b. Sulayman said:

I saw al-Buwayti (al-Shafi’i’s student) on a mule with iron collar around his neck and his feet tied up with chains. The collar and the chain were tied up with an iron chain with a brick attached weighing 40 Ratl (about 100 kg). He was saying: ‘Allah only created the creation with His word ‘Be’. If ‘Be’ was created, it is as if a creation created the creation. By God! I will die in these chains until there will come after me a people who will know that indeed a group of people died in chains for this cause!

Ibn alJawzi’s Manaqib alImam Ahmad [535]

Let the Conversation Begin

asSalaam’alaykum wa Rahmatullah,

masha’Allah this has got to be one of the best da’wah/outreach videos I’ve seen.

So say you were in this situation and you do everything is man does, but after you’re done praying, people start coming up to you and talking. What do you say?

Another reason to take this course: How to Give Shahaada in Ten Minutes

I think every muslim that lives int he West needs to take this course and implement this in his life.

Hurricane Omar St.Kitts & Nevis Aftermath (Pics)

So I decided to do a little picture story on the Aftermath of Hurricane Omar. The Hurricane didn’t hit my island (St. Kitts) directly nor did it do very much damage (relative), but it did affect other caribbean island much worse. The following are some Hurricane Omar Aftermath Pictures, please click ont he images to see the full size image:

Crazy waves AFTER Hurricane Omar passed us by. This is the Carribean Sea, it’s usually much much calmer than the Atlantic Ocean side of the island.

This is supposed to be the main road that connects the main city on the island (Basseterre – as the locals refer to it “Town”) everything else besides the main city is a village except the tourist area and suburbs. The waves were so high it brought all the sand and sea debris onto the island’s roads and structures by the shoreline.

If you look closely at the left of this image there are soem waves hitting the rocks and going over. Right past those rocks is the main road which runs on the shoreline right in front of the Island’s main city. Again these waves are after the hurricane passed us by.

These two pictures are from the Bird Rock Beach Hotel. The Muslims have been praying Eid Salaah here for the past two Eids, we are just going to have to figure something out for our next Eid prayer. I happen to live one house down from his hotel, but I’m on a hill, so the elevation was good protect, after Allah’s Protection. I did step outside my house while the Hurricane was passing by just to see how strong it is, it wasn’t that strong, but because the water levels rose all the rocks, and sea debris came up onto the land and caused all this damage to the Hotel. This place is basically gone, dont knwo how long they’re going to take to get it back in business. In the left pic, in case you were wondering that is a boat on land, and to the right is what used to be the Hotel parking lot.

This is a picture of how the hurricane approached the island. You can see the dense clods approaching the island here. The landscape is of Frigate Bay, the tourist area of the island.

This is the crazy amount of water thsi hurricane left behind, The tourism area is on a fairly flat piece of land on the island, making it highly susceptible to flooding. Pictured above is what it did to the golf course. The large structure int he back is the Marriott Hotel & Resort. If anyone is coming, let me know, I think I can still get a student discount, which means rooms for like $100/night(compared to like $300).

This picture is actually from a friend’s Facebook Album, he lives in Dominica. Dominica is south of St. Kitts, a lot more south. Slight changes in water levels have huge impacts on small islands.

More pictures:

Nevis Blog‘s Picasa Album: Hurricane Omar Oct 2008

SKN Vibes(News and go-to website for St.Kitts&Nevis): Huricane Omar destroys St.Kitts & Nevis Coastline

MIST Houston 2007: Austin HS Short Film

asSalaam ‘alaykum,

3rd Place! warning has music!

Muhammad alShareef: The Last Nights with our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahamtullah,

JazakAllahu khayran to brother GreenKufi from alMaghrib forums for the recording and sharing this with us. The following is a lecture entitled “The Last Nights with our Beloved Prophet (SAW)” given by Ustadh Muhammad alShareef (Director and Founder of the alMaghrib Institute) at the Ottawa Main Masjid on Friday, April 6th after Maghrib salah. The lecture itself is pretty good, and the recording is pretty good as well alhamdulillah. Enjoy!

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Related Posts:

Part 1: 5 Symptoms of the Weakness of Īmān
Part 2: 5 Reasons for the Weakness of Īmān
Part 3: 5 Solutions for the Weakness of Īmān
List of Articles and Khutbahs
World’s Bravest People (Trascript)
World’s Bravest People (Audio)

Related Links:t
Muhammad alShareef Bio
AlMaghrib Institute
EmanRush

1st Dhul Hijjah 1427 – 21st December 2006

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullaah,

I don’t understand arabic very well but this site according to Hood and AE says it is the 1st of Dhul Hijjah. The local Houston community hasn’t announced anything on their website (yea, pathetic, prolly cuz most of the people are gone for Hajj) and I had to take a journey to and from Dallas all day today, so didn’t hear anything at the masjid.

Virtues of the 10 days of Dhul Hijjah (IslamQA)

Practical Steps (if you arent at Hajj or Umrah):

1) Fast the days of this season

2) Make a lot of adhkaar

3) Do good deeds as they are magnified, maybe carry dates around and when the Maghrib adhaan is called, offer them to others.

4) Make sure your intentions are purified

I recieved an email form a few brothers written by Br. Hesham Ebeid and it’s parts are reproduced in the following:

Merits:

1) They are the best days in the year
The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said about these first ten days: “ The best days in the world are the ten days.”

2) Righteous deeds on these days are more beloved to Allah than on any other days

Ibn `Abbas (ra) reported that the Prophet (saw) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” The people asked, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight, giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.” (Reported by al-Bukhari)

3) Allah (swt) swears by them in the Qur’an, indicating their importance

When Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an: “By the dawn; by the ten nights.” (Al-Fajr 89: 1-2)

Ibn Hajar al Asqalani (d. 852 AH)

 

Imām al Hāfidh Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalānī

His Name and Lineage:

The full name of the famous Imām, al Hāfidh Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalānī is Abū al Fadl, Shihabuddīn Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad al Kinanī ash Shāfi’ī.

His Birth:

Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalānī was born on 10th Sha’bān, 773 H. in Egypt, where he grew up also.

His Education:

He memorized the Qur’ān at the age of nine years and also memorized Al-Hawi, the book Muktasar of Ibn al Hajib, and other books. He traveled to Makkah and listened to the teaching of its ‘ulemā. He admired the knowledge of Hadīth and began to acquire it from the great mashāyikh in Hījāz, ash Shām, Egypt and stayed with az Zain al ‘Irāqī for ten years. He also studied under al Balqinī, Ibn al Mulaqqin and others. Many eminent mashāyikh of his time approved his knowledge and allowed him to give religious verdicts and teach.

He had learned the two sources (Qur’ān and Hadīth) from al ‘Izz bin Jama’a, the language from al Majd al Fairūzabādī, the ‘Arabic from al ‘Amarī, literature and poetry from al Badr al Mushtakī and writing from a group of professors. He also recited some parts of the Qur’ān in all the seven styles of recitation before at Tanūkhī.

He occupied himself with the promotion of the knowledge of hadīth, so he dwelt in its study, teaching, writing and giving fatāwa (religious verdicts). He also taught the tafsīr, the hadīth, the fiqh (jurisprudence) and preached at many places like Al Azhar, Jāmi’ ‘Amr and others. He also dictated to his students from his memory. Many highly educated people and distinguished scholars traveled to him to acquire from his vast knowledge.

His Books:

Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalānī authored more than 150 books – most of them being in the studies of Hadīth – which flourished during his lifetime, and the kings and princes exchanged them as gifts. His book most worthy of mentioning is Fath al Bārī - the commentary of Sahīh al Bukhārī, which he had started in the beginning of 807 H., after finishing its introductory part in 813 H., and completed the whole commentary in Rajab 842 H. After the completion of the commentary, he held a party attended by the Muslim dignitaries and spent 500 dinār on it. Then some kings requested for it and paid 300 dinār.

His Positions:

Ibn Hajar became the Qādī of Egypt, then ash Shām was also added to his jurisdiction which he held for more than twenty-one years. He was against holding the office of the qādī at first, until the Sultān assigned to him a special case, then he accepted to represent al Bakinī when he begged him very much to preside for him as qādī. Then he presided for others until he was assigned to hold the office of Chief Qādī on 12 Muharram, 827 H. He then left, but he had to take the office left of the Chief Qādī, for seven times until he led it finally in 852 H. which is the year he died in.

His Personality:

As concerns his personality, al ‘Asqalānī was humble, tolerant, patient and enduring. He was also described to be hilarious, steadfast, prudent, ascetic. selfless, generous, spender in charity and a person praying and fasting voluntarily. On the other hand he was said to be used to telling of humorous anecdotes. He had also good manners of dealing with all the Imām whether highly or lowly placed, and with all those who sat with him whether old or young.

His Death:

Ibn Hajar died after the ‘Isha prayer on Saturday, 8th Dhul Hijja 852 H.

May Allāh reward him generously.

(Alternate Spelling: Asqalaanee, Asqalanee)

Fiqh of Fasting: Chapter 3: That Which Invalidates Fasting

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

  1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen
  2. Intention to break fast
  3. Fluctuating Intention to fast
  4. Vomiting intentionally
  5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding
  6. Masturbation
  7. Marital Relations
  8. Cupping for both parties
  9. Death
  10. Apostasy
  11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Related Posts:
Fiqh of Fasting: Prologue
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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