What is Hadeeth?

What is Hadith?Taken from Usool Al Hadeeth by Abu Ammaar Yasir Qadhi and Studies in Hadeeth Methodology and Literature by Dr. Muhammad Mustafa Azami

(Arabic: الحديث hadeeth, Arabic pl. ahādeeth “أحاديث”)

Linguistically, the word hadeeth is the opposite of qadeem, so it means soemthing that is new[1] when used as an adjective. That is why a person’s statements are called hadeeth, it is something that is originating form a persons mouth that wasnt there.The word hadeeth literally when used as a noun means communication, story, or conversation.[2] A hadeeth could be religious or secular, historic or recent. The word hadeeth has been used in the Qur’aan 23 times and multiple times in the statements of the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam). It has been used in the Qur’aan and the statements of the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) in all of the different meanings mentioned above. The different ways the word hadeeth has been used in the Qur’aan and the statements of the Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) are mentioned in Studies in Hadeeth Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 1-2.

After the death of the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) the majority of the stories and conversations carried out by the Muslims were about the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam) himself. Therefore the word hadeeth started to be used exclusively for the stories or communications that were from or about the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam).[3]

There are many books that have numerous ahadeeth compiled in them, the most popular of them being Jaami’ As Sahih (The Authentic Collection)[4] of Imaam Bukharee (d. 256 AH) or Sahih Al Bukharee. The history of compilation or preservation of hadeeth is a very fascinating and interesting subject in and of itself. Learning about this history does nothing but raise the eeman of a Muslim in the authenticity of the religion and trust in the words of the Prophet (Sal Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam). There is a consensus amongst the muslim schoalrs that the ahadeeth are an integral foundation of the religion of Islam and belief in the authentic ahadeeth is obligatory upon each and every Muslim.

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Footnotes
1. Usool Al Hadeeth by Yasir Qadhi, Part 1
2. Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 1
3. Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 3
4. The actual name given by Bukharee to his collection of hadeeth was entitled by him Al Jaami’ al musnad as sahih al mukhtasar min umur RasoolAllahi Sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam wa sunanihi wa Ayyaamihi, which means An epitome containing all types of musnad ahadeeth corcerning the Messenger of Allah, May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon him, his sunnah and his wars. Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature by M. M. Azami, Pg. 89

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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