at Tahawee (d. 321 AH): Neither can conjectures reach Him, nor intellects grasp Him.

Imaam at Tahawee (Tahawi) (d. 321 AH) states in this creed regarding Allah (Azz wa Ja’al):

Neither can conjectures reach Him, nor intellects grasp Him.

In explanation of this statement, Ibn Abil ‘Izz al Hanafee (b. 721 – d. 792 AH) in his Sharh Aqeedatut Tahwiyyah says:

“Tahawee has paraphrased here the words of Allah:

They cannot comprehend Him in knowledge [Surah Taha V. 110]

Al Jawharee (d. 245 AH) has said in his lexicon: “Waham is equivalent of conjecture while faham of knowledge”

What the Sheikh meant to say, may Allah show him mercy, is that conjectures cannot fathom Him out nor can knowledge comprehend Him.

It is said that waham is what one anticipates a thing to be. That is, what one expects it to be like. In contrast, understanding is that which the intellect gains and comprehends. But no one can know what in truth Allah is but Himself. We only know him through His Attributes; such as, He is One, Self-Sufficient, was not begotten, nor gave birth, etc.”

[al Hanafee al Adhru’ee, ‘Alee ibn Abil ‘Izz, Sharh Aqeedatut Tahawiyyah, pg. 23, Al Attique Publisher Inc., Second edition (May 2000) Abridged by Abdul Mun’im Saleh al ‘Alee al ‘Izzee , Translated by Syed Iqbal Zaheer]

Related Links:
Intro to Sharh Aqeedatut Tahawiyya
Imaam at Tahawee (d. 321 AH) and his creed
Life of Imaam at Tahawee (d. 321 AH)
Buy the Book: Fundamentals of Islamic Creed: Sharh Aqeeda at Tahawiyya

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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