Modesty and Shu’bah ibn al Hajjaj (d. 100 AH)

 

I was reading this article on Hayaa by Khalid Baig and thought that this excerpt was very interesting. Masha’Allah. There is so much we can learn from our pious predecessors. There is just soo much we can learn in aspects of our manners, character, and worship from the Prophet () alone yet people ignore thsi and jump straight to some scholar lived 500, 0r 600, or 700 years later. Allah Knows Best.

Imām Shu’bah ibn Hajjaj (d. 100 A.H) (rahīmullāh) was riding his horse when Abdullāh intercepted him. Abdullāh was a known street urchin. Not only he was given to a life of sin, he was also unabashed about it. Imām Shu’bah (rahīmullāh) knew that trouble was ahead when Abdullāh stopped him.

Shu’bah  is known as the “Amīrul Mu’minīn fil hadīth.” He is one of the foremost scholars of the science of Hadīth Criticism. Abdullāh knew his stature as a great hadīth scholar, but he was bent on having some fun. “Shu’bah! Tell me a hadīth,” he said with mischief in his eyes. “This is not the way to learn hadīth,” Imām Shu’bah replied. “You are going to tell me a hadīth or else…” Abdullāh threatened. When Shu’bah realized that he could not talk his way out of this he said: “OK, I’ll tell you a hadīth.” He then narrated the isnad (a chain of narrators) and then the hadīth: “Prophet said: “If you have lost hayā‘ then do whatever you feel like.”

Abdullāh’s demeanor changed suddenly. It was as if the Prophet, , had himself caught him in his mischief and was speaking to him: “Abdullāh, if you have lost hayā‘ then do whatever you feel like.” He was totally shaken. “I just wanted to cause trouble for you,” he admitted, “but please extend your hand. I want to repent.”

This hadīth turned a life around. Abdullāh, the street urchin, became a student and then a great scholar of hadīth. Today he is known as Abdullāh ibn Maslamah Qan’awī. His name can be found repeatedly in Sahīh Sitta or the six most authentic collections of hadīth, especially in the collection of Imām Abū Dawūd who was his disciple.

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the Prophet, his family, and his companions.

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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