Imam An Nawawi (b. 631 AH – d. 676 AH)

Imām an Nawawī (b. 631 AH – d. 676 AH)

Imām an Nawawī (rahīmahullāhu ta’ālā – d. 676 AH) was without doubt one of the greatest scholars this Ummah has been blessed with. His works have had a tremendous benefit and influence for the Muslims throughout history, and from amongst his works is his collection of 42 ahādīth of the Prophet, sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam which together form a comprehensive explanation of this Great Dīn of Islām. This work is commonly referred to as “an Nawawī‘s Forty Hadīth” and without doubt it contains immense benefit and guidance.

The complete name of Imām an Nawawī is Abu Zakaria Mohiuddīn Yahya, son of Sharaf An Nawawī. Nawawī refers to Nawā, a place near Damascus, in the suburb of the city of Howran. Imām an Nawawī was born at Nawā in the year 631 A.H.(about 1255 CE) His father, a virtuous and pious man, resolved to arrange for proper and befitting education as he had discovered the symptoms of heavenly intelligence and wisdom in his promising child at an early stage.

The Imām’s Simplicity and Good Manners:

The learned persons, elite of the society and the public greatly respected the Imām on account of his piety, learning and excellent character. He used simple dress and ate simple food. Devout scholars do not care about worldly chattels, they give preference to religious and academic pursuits, and the propagation of Faith. They experience more heavenly delight and joy in such activities than those who seek satisfaction in luxurious foods, precious clothes and other worldly things. Imām an Nawawī had a prominent place among the erudite notables of his age. He was a God-fearing person having illustrious and glorious aims regarding the propagation of Faith. The celebrated Shaykh Mohiuddīn expresses his impression about Imām an Nawawī thus:

“Imām an Nawawī had three distinctive commendable qualities in his person. If anybody has only one out of these three, people turn to him in abundance for guidance. First, having knowledge and its dissemination. Second, to evade completely from the worldly inclinations, and the third, inviting to all that is good (Islām) enjoining Al-Ma’ruf [i.e., Islāmic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do] and forbidding Al-Munkar [polytheism and disbelief and all that Islām has forbidden]. Imām an Nawawī had all three in him.”

His works and his death:

The learned Imām had a very short life but even during this short period, he had written a large number of books on different subjects. Every work of the Imām is a masterpiece and a treasure of knowledge. Hundreds and thousands of people benefit from these works. Some of his works :

  • al Minhaj fi Sharh Sahīh Muslim – A Commentary on Sahīh Muslim
  • al Arba’īn (ie The Forty Hadīth)
  • Riyād us Salihīn
  • Kitāb ur Raudah
  • Tahdhīb ul Asmā was Sifāt
  • Kitāb ul Adhkār
  • at Taqrīb fī Ilmul Hadīth wal Irshād fīhi
  • Sharh Sunan Abī Dawūd (Incomplete)
  • Tabaqāt Ash Shāfi’īyyah
  • Muhimmatul Ahkām
  • Bustān ul ‘Aarifīn
  • Al Khulāsatu fil Hadīth

At about the age of 45, Imām an Nawawī returned to his hometown. Soon after his arrival at Nawā, he fell ill and died. However, Imām an Nawawī is still living in the hearts of Muslims. His works are of everlasting value. May Allāh have Mercy upon him.

(Alternate Spelling: Nawawee)

Taken From: Islaam.net

 May the Peace and Blessings of Allāh be upon the Prophet, his family, and Companions.

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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