What is Aqeedah?

What is Aqīdah 

al Aqīdah (Arabic: عقيدة) linguistically is derived from the term aqada. In Arabic, one states, “Aqada the rope” when the rope is tied firmly. And, “Aqada the sale” or “He settled the sale” when the person ratifies and contracts a sale or agreement. And Allāh says in the Qur’ān,

“And as for those whom your right hands have made a covenant (Ar., aqadat)”
[S
ūrah Al Nisā V. 33]

And Allāh also says,

“But He will take you to task for the oaths which you swear in earnest (Ar., aqadtum) [Sūrah Al-Mā’ida V. 89]

which means asserted and adhered to, as proven in the verse,

“And break not oaths after the assertion of them”
[S
ūrah An Nahl V. 91].

If one says, “Aqadtu such and such,” it means his heart is firm upon such and such.

Therefore, al Aqīdah or al Itiqād according to the scholars of Islām is:

The firm creed that one’s heart is fixed upon without any wavering or doubt. It excludes any supposition, doubt or suspicion.

Imām Abū Hanīfa called this great subject al Fiqh al Akbar (The Greater Understanding) and the understanding of the religion. He called the science of law (Ar., Sharī’ah) the understanding of the science. Many scholars of Islam use the word tawhīd for all matters that a person must believe in. This is because the most important of these matters is the basic tawhīd that is contained in the phrase, “There is none worthy of worship except Allāh.” Other schoalrs from the salaf and the first 200-300 years after hijrah have called Aqīdah with other names such as Al Eemān, Ash Sharī‘ah , As Sunnah, and Al Mahhajah. The primary term used by the Qur’ān is Eemān. The chronology and list of the Books of Aqīdah has been listed in another post.

May the Peace and Blessings of Allāh be upon the Prophet, his family, and companions.

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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