Imam Ibn Kathir (b. 701 AH – d. 774 AH)

 



Short Biography of Imaam Ibn Katheer

He was al Hafidh Abul Fida Ismail ibn Abi Hafs Shihabuddin ‘Umar ibn Kathir ibn Daw ibn Kathir ibn Zar` al Qurayshee – originally from Busra (Syria) – and raised in Damascus. He followed the Shafi`ee school of thought. Ibn Kathir was born in the year 701 AH in an area called Majdal, near Busra, west of Damascus. His father died when he was only four years old and was taken in by his brother and moved to Damascus in 706. Here, he learned from great scholars such as Ibn Asakir, Ishaq ibn Yahya al Amudi and the great Ibn Taymiyyah who was extremely close to him. He also studied under various other sheikhs who gave him permission in fiqh and Hadith. He made many academic contributions to Islamic sciences. The following are amongst his most prominent:

  1. Tafseer of the Qur’an
  2. al Bidayah wan Nihayah: a history of Muslims from Adam until Ibn Kathir’s time
  3. at Takmeel: a book on the science of Asmaaul Rijal (profiles of transmitters of Hadith)
  4. Jami`ul Masaneed: a book that collects the Hadith from ten major books of Hadith
  5. The classes of Shafi`ee scholars: a list of scholars following Imam ash Shaafi’ee (d. 204 AH)
  6. Extraction of the traditions of Tanbeeh (a Shafi`ee book of jurisprudence)
  7. The commentary on al-Bukhari (which he did not finish)
  8. The book of laws (again, he did not complete it)
  9. The summary to the science of Hadith; a synopsis to the introduction of Ibn Saah’s work
  10. Extraction of the traditions to the summary of Ibn Hajib
  11. Musnad of the two sheikhs (Abu Bakr and Umar)
  12. Biography of the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam
  13. The epistle of Jihad

The author of Manhal says that Ibn Kathir died on Thursday, the 26th of Sha`ban in the year 774 AH.

May Allah be pleased with him.

(Alternate Spellings: Kathir, Kathīr)

1 Response to “Imam Ibn Kathir (b. 701 AH – d. 774 AH)”


  1. 1 Saqib March 12, 2007 at 5:29 pm

    Very useful information. I am a student at high school and was recently given a project to do for the islamic studies on the great scholars of islam. More detail would be nice but this was very helpfull. Jazzak Allah and wasalam


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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