‘Abdullah ibn alMubarak (d.181AH)’s Letter to Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d.187AH)

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahamtullah,

The entire nasheed:

Download this Audio from Odeo here and from ribaat.org here!

يا عابد الحرمين

يا عابدَ الحرمين لو أبصرتْـَنا … لعلمتَ أنَّكَ في العبادةِ تلعبُ
مَنْ كانَ يخضبُ خدَّه بدموعِه … فنحورنُـا بدمـائِنا تَتَخْضَبُ

أوكان يتعبُ خيله في بـاطل … فخيـولنا يوم الصبيحة تتعبُ

ريحُ العبيرٍ لكم ونحنُ عبيرُنا … رَهَجُ السنابكِ والغبارُ الأطيبُ

ولقد أتـانا مـن مقالِ نبيِنا … قولٌ صحيحٌ صادقٌ لا يَكذبُ

لا يستوي غبـارُ أهلِ الله في … أنفِ أمرئٍ ودخانُ نارٍ تَلهبُ

هذا كتابُ الله ينـطقُ بيننا … ليسَ الشهيدُ بميـتٍ لا يكذبُ

This is an amazing poem written by the Imam, Zaahid, and Mujahid ‘Abdullah ibn alMubarak (d. 181 AH) to another great Imam and Zaahid Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d. 187 AH). Both from amongst the Imams of the salaf.

The audio above starts off by quoting the narration of this poem/letter found in the Tafseer of alHafidh Ibn Katheer (d. 774 AH) which is quoted below:

Al-Hafiz ibn `Asakir mentioned in the biography of `Abdullah bin al-Mubarak, that Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abi Sakinah said,

“While in the area of Tarsus, `Abdullah bin al-Mubarak dictated this poem to me when I was greeting him goodbye. He sent the poem with me to al-FuDayl bin`Iyad in the year 170,

‘O ye who worships in the vicinity of the Two Holy Masjids!

If you but see us, you will realise that you are only jesting in worship.

He who brings wetness to his cheek with his tears should know that our necks are being wet by our blood.

He who tires his horses without purpose, now that our horses are getting tired in battle.

Scent of perfume is yours, while ours is the glimmer of spears and the stench of dust [in battle].

We were narrated about in the speech of our Prophet, an authentic statement that never lies.

That the dust that erupts by Allah’s horses and which fills the nostrils of a man shall never be combined with the smoke of a raging Fire.

This, the Book of Allah speaks among us that the martyr is not dead, and the truth in Allah’s book cannot be denied.’

“I met al-Fudayl ibn `Iyad in the Sacred Masjid and gave him the leter. When he read it, his eyes became tearful and he said, ‘Abu `Abdur-Rahman (`Abdullah bin al-Mubarak) has said the truth and offered sincere advice to me.’ He then asked me, ‘Do you write the Hadeeth?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Write this Hadeeth as reward for delivering the letter of Abu `Abdur-Rahman to me.’ He then dictated,

‘Mansur bin al-Mu`tamir narrated to us that Abu Saalih narrated from Abu Hurayrah that a man asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Teach me a good deed that will earn me the reward of the Mujahideen in Allah’s cause.’

The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Are you able to pray continuously and fast without breaking the fast?’ The man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I cannot bear it.’

The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

‘By He in Whose Hand is my soul! Even if you were able to do it, you would not achieve the grade of the Mujahideen in Allah’s cause. Did you not know that the horse of the Mujaahid earns rewards for him as long as it lives?'”

[Ahmad]

The following is Brother Shibli Zaman’s write-up on this beautiful poem which I got from MENJ:

Yaa `aabid al-haramayni, law abSartanaa; la`llimta annaka bi-l `ibaadati tal`abu; Man yakhdubu khaddahu bi dumu’ihi; Fa nuhuruna bi l-dima’i tatakhaddabu…”

This nasheed is mentioned in Imam ad-Dhahabi’s “Siyar al-A`laam al-Nubalaa'”:

“Narrated by al-KhaaTib ibn `Asaakir, on the authority of Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin Abee Sakeenah who said: ‘Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak recited these couplets to us in Tarsus and recited them to FuDayl bin `EeyaaD.’ This was in the year 170 (Hijri).”

Tarsus is “Tarsoos” in Arabic. Back then it was Byzantine Anatolia, or Greece, which the Muslims called “ar-Room”. Today it is in modern day Turkey.

This is also found in Tafseer ibn Katheer at the end of the interpretation of Surah Aal `Imraan from ibn `Asaakir instead of Abdullaah bin Muhammad QaaDee.

The Nasheed is also found in the Tareekh Damashq (History of Damascus) of Ibn `Asaakir.

The translation is as follows:

“O you who worships in the Two Holiest of places, If you had seen us you would know that your worship is but mere play;
You whose cheeks are tinted with tears, our chests are tinted with our blood!
And if your horse is busy in frivolity, our horses are busy from the morning of the day;
The scent of your fragrance to you, and our fragrance to us!
The debris and dust of the hooves of the steed are superior;
Perchance we received this from the sayings of our Prophet;
A speech of rectitude and truth, that can never be perjurous;
There is no equality between the dust of the horse of Allah in the nostrils of a man, and the smoke of a kindling fire;
This is the Book of Allah enunciated between us;
Nay! The martyr is not dead, nor is he false.”

[This is an approximate translation and I have attempted to preserve the poetic nature when rendered into English]”

The Letter translated by Shaykh Ahmad Jibril:

Streaming audio available soon insha’Allah.

Download this audio from FileFront here!

Note: Shaykh Ahmad Jibril starts off by saying AbdulMalik ibn alMubarak instead of Abdullah ibn alMubarak but he fixes it later on in the audio. This is taken from the Intro to the lectures on Legends of Islam: Noorud Deen Zinki

The translation from the Will of Shaykh Abdullah Yusuf Azzam:

“Oh you who offer prayer in the sacred mosque!
Had you witnessed us in the battlefield
You would known that, compared to our jihaad,
Your worship is child’s play.
For every tear you have shed upon your cheek,
We have shed in its place blood upon our chests.
You are playing with your worship,
While worshipers offer your worship
Mujahideen offer their blood and person (life).”

3 Responses to “‘Abdullah ibn alMubarak (d.181AH)’s Letter to Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (d.187AH)”


  1. 1 osly rachman July 23, 2010 at 11:18 pm

    very nice. thank u

  2. 2 Abu Khattab August 1, 2016 at 11:32 am

    Question: Is it true that Imam Abdullah Ibn Mubarak رحمه الله had sent a letter to Qadhi Fudayl Ibn Iyad رحمه الله from the battle field wherein this couplet was mentioned:

    يا عابد الحرمين لو أبصرتنا لعلمت أنك في العبادة تلعلب

    “O! You who worships in the two holiest of places (Masjid Al Haram & Masjid An Nabawi), if you had seen us you would know that your worship is but mere play.”

    This incident has been recorded by Abu Nauman Sayfullah Qasuri in his book “Zaad Al Mujahid” with references of Tabaqat Ash Shafiah by Ibn As Subki (1/287), Siyar A’lam An Nubala (8/412), An Nujum Az Zahirah (2/103), and Aathar al Bilad by Qazwaini (457). See: Zaad Al Mujahid (P. 110, 111).

    After researching the truthfulness of this incident, kindly publish it in your monthly “Al Hadith”, May Allah reward you.

    (Tanveer Hussain Shah Hazari)

    Answer: This incident is mentioned in Siyar A’lam An Nubala without any chain of narration. Any incident which is recorded in any book without any chain of narration is considered non-beneficial in academia.

    In Tarikh Damishq by Ibn Asakir (34/307) and Tabaqat Ash Shafia (In our copy of the book 1/150,151), this incident has been narrated by Abul Mufad’dhal Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Ash Shaybani from Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Saeed Ibn Yahya Al Qadhi from Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Abu Sakinah (Al-Halabi). The condition of Abul Mufad’dhal is mentioned in Lisaan Ul Mizaan (5/231-232) and Mizaan Ul Aetidaal (3/207).

    His student Imam Abul Qasim Al Azhari says about him:

    “كان أبوالمفضل دجالا كذابا”

    “Abul Mufad’dhal was an impostor liar.” (Tarikh Al Baghdad 5/467 Its chain is Sahih)

    The condition of Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Saeed Ibn Yahya Al Qadhi is unknown, It is being researched right now.

    Summary of the Investigation: This narration is fabricated and has no basis. Therefore, it is not permissible to narrate it.

    (18 Rajab 1426 Hijri)

    [Al-Hadith: 18]

    https://iqtidaassirat.wordpress.com/2016/08/01/the-call-of-imam-abdullah-ibn-mubarak-shaykh-zubair-ali-z/


  1. 1 Miracle Kid « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on March 23, 2007 at 6:27 am

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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