Archive for the 'Salaf' Category



Modesty and Shu’bah ibn al Hajjaj (d. 100 AH)

 

I was reading this article on Hayaa by Khalid Baig and thought that this excerpt was very interesting. Masha’Allah. There is so much we can learn from our pious predecessors. There is just soo much we can learn in aspects of our manners, character, and worship from the Prophet () alone yet people ignore thsi and jump straight to some scholar lived 500, 0r 600, or 700 years later. Allah Knows Best.

Imām Shu’bah ibn Hajjaj (d. 100 A.H) (rahīmullāh) was riding his horse when Abdullāh intercepted him. Abdullāh was a known street urchin. Not only he was given to a life of sin, he was also unabashed about it. Imām Shu’bah (rahīmullāh) knew that trouble was ahead when Abdullāh stopped him.

Shu’bah  is known as the “Amīrul Mu’minīn fil hadīth.” He is one of the foremost scholars of the science of Hadīth Criticism. Abdullāh knew his stature as a great hadīth scholar, but he was bent on having some fun. “Shu’bah! Tell me a hadīth,” he said with mischief in his eyes. “This is not the way to learn hadīth,” Imām Shu’bah replied. “You are going to tell me a hadīth or else…” Abdullāh threatened. When Shu’bah realized that he could not talk his way out of this he said: “OK, I’ll tell you a hadīth.” He then narrated the isnad (a chain of narrators) and then the hadīth: “Prophet said: “If you have lost hayā‘ then do whatever you feel like.”

Abdullāh’s demeanor changed suddenly. It was as if the Prophet, , had himself caught him in his mischief and was speaking to him: “Abdullāh, if you have lost hayā‘ then do whatever you feel like.” He was totally shaken. “I just wanted to cause trouble for you,” he admitted, “but please extend your hand. I want to repent.”

This hadīth turned a life around. Abdullāh, the street urchin, became a student and then a great scholar of hadīth. Today he is known as Abdullāh ibn Maslamah Qan’awī. His name can be found repeatedly in Sahīh Sitta or the six most authentic collections of hadīth, especially in the collection of Imām Abū Dawūd who was his disciple.

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the Prophet, his family, and his companions.

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Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Koofah

From the People of Koofah

‘Alqamah ibn Qays (d. 62 AH)
‘Aamir ibn Sharaaheel ash Sha’bee (d. 104 AH)
Abul Bukhtaree: Sa’eed ibn Fayrooz (d. 83 AH)
Ibraaheem ibn Yazeed an Nakhaa’ee (d. 96 AH)
Talhah ibn Musarrif (d. 112 AH)
Zubayd ibn al Haarith (d. 123 AH)
al Hakam ibn ‘Utaybah (d. 115 AH)
Maalik ibn Mighwaal (d. 159 AH)
Abu Hayyaan Yahyaa ibn Sa’eed at Tameemee (d. 145 AH)
‘Abdul Malik Ajbar, Hamzah ibn Habeeb az Zayyaat al Muqri’ (d. 156 AH).

Then:

Muhammad ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan ibn Abee Laylaa (d. 148 AH)
Sufyaan ath Thawree (d. 161 AH)
Shareek ibn ‘Abdillaah al Qaadee (d. 177 AH)
Zaa’idah ibn Qudaamah (d. 161 AH)
Abu Bakr ibn ‘Ayyaash (d. 193 AH)
‘Abdullaah ibn Idrees (al Awdee) (d. 192 AH)
‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn Muhammad al Muhaaribee (d. 195 AH)
Yahyaa ibn ‘Abdil Maalik ibn Abee Ghaniyyah (d. 186 AH)
Wakee’ ibn al Jarraah (d. 197 AH)
Abu Usaamah Hammaad ibn Usaamah (d. 201 AH)
Ja’far ibn ‘Awn (d. 209 AH)
Muhammad ibn ‘Ubayd at Tanaafis (d. 204 AH)
Abu Nu’aym al Fadl ibn Dukayn (d. 219 AH)
Ahmad ibn ‘Abullaah ibn Yoonus (al Yarboo’ee) (d. 227 AH)
Abu Bakr ibn Abee Shaybah (d. 235 AH)
his brother ‘Uthmaan (d. 239 AH)
and Abu Kurayb Muhammad ibn al ‘Alaa’ al Hamdhaanee (d. 248 AH)

Related Posts:
Biography of Imaam al Laalikaa’ee (d. 418 AH)
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the Companions
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: Taabi’een from the People of Madeenah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Makkah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Shaam and Arabian Peninsula
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Egypt

Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Egypt

From the People of Egypt

Haywah ibn Shuraih (d. 158 AH)
al Layth ibn Sa’d (d. 175 AH)
and ‘Abdullaah ibn Lahee’ah (d. 174 AH)

Those After Them

‘Abdullaah ibn Wahb (d. 197 AH)
Ashhab ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez (d. 204 AH)
‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn al Qaasim (d. 191 AH)
Abu Ibraheem, Ismaa’eel ibn Yahya al Muzanee (d. 264 AH)
Abu Ya’qoob, Yoosuf ibn Yahyaa al Buwaytee (d. 231 AH)
ar Rabee’ ibn Sulaymaan al Muraadee (d. 207 AH)
and Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillaah ibn ‘Abdil Hakam al Misree (d. 268 AH)

Related Posts:
Biography of Imaam al Laalikaa’ee (d. 418 AH)
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the Companions
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: Taabi’een from the People of Madeenah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Makkah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Shaam and Arabian Peninsula

Imaam Ahmad: Usool as Sunnah: Foundations of the Sunnah

Bismillah Alhamdulillah was Salaatus Salaam alaa’ Rasool Allah sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam

Download Book Here!

I found this book (Foundations of the Sunnah) for free on-line, so decided to upload it to my server and provide the Contents and the Brief Note on this book. For those who know who Imaam Ahmed (d. 241 AH), rahimullah, is, then you know the value of this book. Obviously the original book is in Arabic, the following is only a translation with footnotes by the translator or transcriber, the book can be bought here if one wants to have a printed hard copy of it. If you don’t know who Imaam Ahmad rahimullah is, then you should read this article on the Imaam by Abuz Zubair, it has got to be one of the best Biographies and one of the most extensive available on-line. Also a short khutbah that mentions some of the important and moving events from the Imaam‘s life can be found in Muhamamd alShareef’s khutbah on the Imaam or in his CD set on the Four Imaams available through EmanRush or IlmQuest

Download Book Here!

Contents

Introduction by Fawwaaz Ahmad az-Zumarlee
Part One: A Brief Note on Usoolus-Sunnah: The Foundations of the Sunnah
Part Two: The Sunnah upon which the Messenger of Allaah died
Part Three: A Description of the Believer from Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah
Chapter One: The Life and Trials of Imaarn Ahmad
Chapter Two: On the Meaning of Eemaan – A Refutation of the Mu’tazilah of Today
Chapter Three: Some Sayings from the Salaf Concerning Allaah’s Attributes and their Consensus Concerning the Falsehood of Ta’weel – A refutation of the Ash’ariyyah
Chapter Four: Affirming the Attributes of Allaah with their Dhaahir (Apparent) and Haqeeqi (Real) Meaning and a Refutation that the Way of the Salaf was Allegedly Tafweedh – A Refutation of the Mufawwidah
Chapter Five: The Consensus of the Salaf from among the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger on the Prohibition of Reviling the Rulers and Publicizing their Faults, be they Righteous or Sinful – A Refutation of the Khawaarij
Chapter Six: The Distinguishing Signs of Ahlus-Sunnah
Chapter Seven: The Distinguishing Signs of Ahlul-Bid’ah (the People of Innovation)
Chapter Eight: On the Prohibition of Sitting with the People of Innovation; Listening to them, Arguing with them, To Abandon them and those who Associate with them.
Chapter Nine: On the Necessity of Accepting the Ahadeeth Reported by Reliable and Trustworthy Narrators Mentioning the Attributes of Allaah – A Refutation against the Rationalist School of Thought
Chapter Ten: The Ahadeeth of Abul-l-lasan al-Ash’aree and a Refutation of the Ash’ariyyah
Glossary of Arabic Terms

A BRIEF NOTE ON USOOL-US-SUNNAH
This treatise has been mentioned in Tabaqaatul- Hanaabilah (1/241-246) in the biography of ‘Abdoos ibn Maalik, one of the nearest students of Imaam Ahmad.

Another concise summary of his creed can be found in the same work Tabaqaatul-Hanaabilah (1/311-313),

Abul-Husain Muhammad ibn Abee Ya’laa said:
I quoted from Ahmad ash-Shanjee with his isnaad that he said:
I heard from Muhammad ibn ‘Awf saying:
Ahmad ibn Hanbal dictated to me…

and then he mentioned it.

The Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee has also mentioned this creed in his Sharh Usool I‘tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (1/156-164) where he said,

‘Alee ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullaah as-Sakaree informed us that
‘Uthmaan ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Abdullaah ibn Bareed (or Yazeed) ad-Daqeeqee narrated to us saying:
Aboo Muhammad al-Hasan ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab, Abul-Anbar narrated to us: reading from his book, in the month of Rabee’ul-Awwal,
two hundred and ninety-three (293H), saying:
Aboo Ja’far Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan al-Munqiri, of Tinnees, narrated to us Saying:
‘Abdoos ibn Maalik al-’Attaar narrated to us saying:
I heard Aboo ‘Abdullaah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal
saying…,

then he mentioned the creed, all of it.

Also the magazine, al-Mujaahid, published the treatise, ‘Usoolus-Sunnah’ in the Sha’baan edition in 1411H taken from the manuscript which had been put together with the
painstaking efforts of our Shaikh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee, may Allah protect him.

From the manuscript copy (no. 68, Q. 10-15) which is kept at the Dhaahiriyyah Library in Damascus, Syria.

There are some differences between the manuscripts and I have indicated them in my footnotes to the text of this creed.

Steps in the Verification of this Treatise

(i) I have depended upon the two printings of this creed in my verification of it. The first: the one present in Tabaqaatul. Hanaabilah and the second, the one mentioned in Shark Usool I’tiqaad of the Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee. The first one has been published in the magazine al-Mujaahid and was taken from the manuscript copy of the Muhaddith of the Era, Muhammad Naasir ud-Deen Albaanee, may Allaah protect him, and I have recondled between whatever differences were found in the manuscripts

(ii) I have referenced the Qur’anic aayahs, the ahaadeeth and their sayings wherever I found it possible.

(iii) I have provided biographies of the notable people that have been mentioned in the treatise

I ask Allaah that He gives me success in that which He loves and is eased with from among the sayings, actions and beliefs. That He moves us from falling into mistakes, that He grants us safety from desires and innovations and that he makes this work in the balance my good deeds on the day that I meet Him.

Aboo ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Fawwaaz Ahmad Zumarlee
15th Shawwaal 1411H
Tripoli
Lebanon

Download Book here!

Wa Sallahu Ala Alaalihee wa sahbihee wa sallam

Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the People of Shaam and Arabian Peninsula

From the People of Shaam and the Arabian Peninsula and Those Counted Amongst them

From the Taabi’een

‘Abdullaah ibn Muhayreez (d. 99 AH)
Rajaa’ ibn haywah (d. 112 AH)
‘Ubadah ibn Nusayy (d. 118 AH)
Maymoon ibn Mihraan (d. 117 AH)
and ‘Abdul kareem ibn Maalik al Jazaree (d. 127 AH)

Then Those After them

‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn ‘Amr al Awzaa’ee (d. 157 AH)
Muhammad ibn al Waleed az Zubaydee (d. 148 AH)
Sa’eed ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez at Tanookhee (d. 167 AH)
‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn Yazeed ibn Jaabir (d. 153 AH)
and ‘Abdullaah ibn Shawadhab (d. 144 AH)
Abu Ishaaq, Ibraheem ibn Muhammad al Fazaaree (d. 186 AH)

 

Then Those After Them

Abu Mushir: ‘Abdul A’laa ibn Mushir ad Dimashqee (d. 218 AH)
Hishaam ibn ‘Ammaar ad Dimashqee (d. 245 AH)
and Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan al Misseesee, known as ‘Luwayn’ (d. 240 AH)
Related Posts:
Biography of Imaam al Laalikaa’ee (d. 418 AH)
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: From the Companions
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah: Taabi’een from the People of Madeenah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah:From the People of Makkah

Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic Aqeedah:From the People of Makkah

From the People of Makkah and Those Counted Amongst Them

‘Ataa [ibn Abee Rabaah] (d. 114 AH)
Taawoos (d. 106 AH)
Mujaahid (d. 103 AH)
Ibn Abee Mulaikah (d. 117 AH)

Those in the Level After Them

‘Amr ibn Deenaar (d. 126 AH)
‘Abdullaah ibn Taawoos (d. 132 AH)

then:
ibn Juraij (d. 150 AH)
Naafi’ ibn ‘Umar al Jumahee (d. 179 AH)
Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyainah (d. 198 AH)
Fudayl ibn ‘Iyyad (d. 187 AH)
Muhammad ibn Muslim at Taa’ifee (d. 177 AH)
Yahyaa ibn Saleem at Taa’ifee (d. 195 AH)

then:
Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad ibn Idrees ash Shaafi’ee, the Faqeeh (d. 204 AH)

then:
‘Abdullaah ibn Yazeed al Muqri’ (d.213 AH)
and ‘Abdullaah ibn az Zubayr al Humaydee (d. 219 AH)

Radiallaahuanhum ajma’een

Related Posts:
Biography of Imaam al Laalikaa’ee (d. 418 AH)
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic aqeedah
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic aqeedah: From the Companions
Imaams of the Sunnah: Vanguards of Islamic aqeedah: Taabi’een from the People of Madeenah

Related Links:
Imaam Mujaahid Ibn Jabar al Makhzoomee (d. 103 AH)
Ata ibn Abi Rabah [Wikipedia]
Ibn Jurayj [Wikipedia]

Naafi’ mawla Ibn Umar [Wikipedia]

Imam Ash Shafi’ee (d. 204 AH)

Images: [1] [2] [3]
More older Images here [Caution: Some Information I dont agree with]

Books:
History of Makkah
Seerah: Makkan Period by Imaam Anwar al Awlaki

Humbleness and Humility: Examples from the Salaf (Dutch)

As Salâmu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullâhi Wa Barakâtuh,

Mashâ‘Allah a dear sister has translated one of the posts on this blog into Dutch, so I thought that I post it up here if anyone who reads Dutch wants to read it. The original entry can be found here:

Humbleness and Humility: Examples from the Salaf

 And the translated entry I took from the following link:

Nederigheid en Ootmoed

The following is the dutch translation, I believe the translator is Umm Anas Ayman, Allah Knows Best:

Nederigheid en Ootmoed

Ik was onlangs op een halaqa en we werden de Mooiste Namen van Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) onderwezen en we bespraken de namen Al-Qadir, Al-Qadeer en Al-Muqtadir en al deze namen hebben één ding gemeen, wat was dat Allah tot alles in staat en Almachtig is als de basis van begrip van deze Namen. En vanuit een goed begrip van deze Namen krijgen we of zouden we het gevoel van nederigheid moeten krijgen in onszelf. Het is gebaseerd op onze vrees en hoop wat een gevoel van nederigheid en ootmoed in ons brengt. Dus het tweede deel van de halaqa concentreerde zich op deze zaak. Wij startten met de hadeeth van de Profeet (salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam) toen hij Abu Mas’ood zijn slaaf zag slaan en hij (salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam) zei: “Allah heeft meer macht over jou, O Abu Mas’ood, dan jij over jouw slaaf!”

Wij bespraken de vele ayaat en ahadeeth die nederigheid aanmoedigen en die ayaat en ahadeeth die ons toonden dat dit van de karaktereigenschappen van de gelovige is. Sommige van deze ayaat die we bediscussieerden waren de ayaat in Surah An Najm van V.42 tot het einde, en inderdaad, deze waren zo krachtig dat toen de de Profeet (salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam) deze verzen reciteerde, zelfs de afgodenaanbidders van Makkah in neerwerping vielen bij het horen ervan.

Dan gingen we verder naar ervaringen van Imaam Ibn Al Qayyim’s boek “Madaarij As Salikeen” waar hij deze gevallen bespreekt en voorbeelden van de sahaaba en de salaf brengt en hun nederigheid en ootmoed. Eerst brengt hij de ahadeeth van de Profeet (salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam) naar voren over de gevaren van Kibr en arrogantie. En zoals onze leraar vermeldde aan ons, er zijn erg weinig mensen in deze wereld die van nature nederig zijn, de meesten van ons moeten hieraan werken en sommige moeten hier erg hard aan werken. De meesten van ons hebben de gedachte dat we juist zijn en al de anderen zijn verkeerd. Het is oké voor ons om te denken dat we juist zijn, als we dat niet deden, zouden we niet geloven of de dingen doen die we doen, alleen iemand met een geestelijke stoornis zou in dingen geloven waarvan hij niet weet of het de waarheid is. Maar opscheppen over jezelf dat je je op de waarheid bevindt en neerkijken op mensen daarop gebaseerd kan een teken van arrogantie of hoogmoed zijn.

Sommige van deze verhalen die in de klas vermeld waren en die ik erg graag heb, is het verhaal van ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul-Azeez (d. 101 AH) (moge Allah hem genadig zijn). Hij hoorde van iemand dat zijn zoon een ring had gekocht voor duizend dirhams. In die tijd was dat een hele dure uitgave. ‘Umar ibn Abdul-Azeez schreef toen een brief naar zijn zoon om hem te adviseren, “Het nieuws heeft me bereikt dat jij een ring hebt gekocht voor duizend dirhams. Verkoop de ring en voedt daarmee duizend mensen. En koop een andere ring voor twee dirhams en laat de ring graveren met de tekst, Moge Allah barmhartig zijn voor diegene die zijn eigen grenzen kent!

En Fudayl ibn Iyaad (d. 187 AH) (moge Allah hem genadig zijn) zei eens, Tawaada’ (nederigheid/ootmoed) is jezelf nederig opstellen tegenover de waarheid, ongeacht waarvan het komt. Het is om geen waardigheid in jezelf te zien. Als iemand het in zichzelf ziet, is er geen tawaada’.”

Het betekent dat als jij jezelf als iets waardig ziet, je niet een hoge status van tawaada’ hebt. Een uitspraak komt telkens in mijn gedachten als ik aan nederigheid denk. Er werd me verteld dat deze uitspraak van een van de salaf was (moge Allah hem genadig zijn), “Hoe kan een mens arrogantie hebben wanneer hij weet dat hij van de geslachtsdelen komt van zijn ouders.” Als je erover nadenkt, is dit erg diepzinnig masja-Allah. In vergelijking met Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) en Zijn Macht en Vermogen, zijn we waarlijk niets en voor ons is zelfs even omhoog kijken met ons hoofd rechtop en wandelen eigenlijk domheid, want op dat moment realiseren we ons niet dat we eigenlijk niets zijn, en wanneer iemand zich zo gedraagt, denkt hij waarschijnlijk niet na over Allah’s Majesteit en Eer en Macht. Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) zegt in een vertaling van Zijn woorden,

En de dienaren van de Barmhartige zijn zij, die zachtmoedig op aarde wandelen en als de onwetenden hen aanspreken, zeggen zij: “Vrede”. (25:63.)

Ibraheem Ash Shaybanee (moge Allah hem genadig zijn) zei altijd,

“Eer is Nederigheid,
Waardigheid is Taqwa,
Vrijheid is in Tevredenheid.”

wat erg waar is. En een andere verhaalddat vermeld werd is het verhaal dat ons verteld werd door Urwa ibn Az Zubayr (moge Allah hem genadig zijn), de zoon van Zubayr ibn Al Awwam (radya Allahu ‘anhu) en Asmaa bint Abu Bakr (radya Allahu ‘anhum), de student van ‘Aisha (radya Allahu ‘anha), hij zag ‘Umar (radya Allahu ‘anhu) een emmer water dragen op zijn schouders. Dus Urwa (moge Allah hem genadig zijn) zei tegen ‘Umar, “Het is niet gepast dat de Ameer ul Mu’mineen dit doet.” En ‘Umar antwoordde, “Toen ik de mensen zag luisteren naar mij en mij gehoorzaamde in hetgeen ik zei, kwam eer en trots in mij, en ik wilde dit gevoel breken, daarom doe ik dit.”

En uiteindelijk een van de meest wonderbaarlijke verhalen van de sahaaba dat ik hoorde van de sahaaba in de halaqa was dat van Aboo Dharr Al Ghifaaree (radya Allahu ‘anhu) die erg populair is en vele keren verteld is geweest. Maar het relevante gedeelte ervan is dat Aboo Dharr (radya Allahu ‘anhu) eens zei tegen Bilal (radya Allahu ‘anhu), die een zwarte man was, in een negatieve betekenis, “Oh jij zoon van een zwarte vrouw!” wat Bilal (radya Allahu ‘anhu) kwetste en toen Aboo Dharr (adya Allahu ‘anhu) werd getuchtigd door de Profeet (salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa salaam) wilde hij het gevoel van arrogantie van zichzelf verwijderen. Dus hij ging naar Bilal (radya Allahu ‘anhu) en plaatste zijn hoofd op de grond en vroeg Bilal (radya Allahu ‘anhu) om zijn voet op zijn hoofd te plaatsen, en hij probeerde Bilal (radya Allahu ‘anhu) te forceren om dit te doen aangezien Bilal (radya Allahu ‘anhu) weigerde.

Deze waren de salaf en dit is hoe zij zichzelf portretteerden en dit was hun karakter. En als iemand van ons claimt dat hij zelfs de salaf volgt en op de weg van de salaf is, dan moeten we onszelf afvragen, zijn wij zoals deze mensen. Kunnen we dit doen in onze dagelijkse leven? Kunnen we iemand vragen om op onze hoofd te stappen omdat we hem beledigd hebben?? Het antwoord is een doorklinkende NEE omdat als wij dit zouden doen, zou de wereld een betere plaats zijn en de Moslims zouden in een betere positie zijn dan dat zij nu in zijn omdat we allen nederig zouden zijn en voorzichtig met wat we tegen onze broeders en anderen zeggen.

En Allah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) weet het best. 


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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