Fiqh of Siyaam: Fasting is a pillar of Islaam

1. Fasting is a pillar of Islaam

Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islaam. The precise definition of a pillar also known as rukn (in Arabic) is “that without which the thing itself is not there.” An example in daily life would be a house. A house is usually built upon pillars which support its roof, if one of them is not there then the house does not stand alone or in other words does not exist. Similarly without as siyaam (fasting) there is no Islaam or Islaam is not complete. This is derived form the hadeeth of the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radi Allâhu’ anhu) who said that Allah‘s Apostle said, “Islam is based on (the following) five (principles): To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah‘s Apostle, To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly, To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity), To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca), To observe fast during the month of Ramadhan.” Therefore every Muslim has to fast and one who denies one of the pillars of Islaam, he has no Islaam, and has chosen a way of life other than Islaam. And as Allah has said in the Holy Quraan:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islaam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.[Surah Aal Imran (3) V. 85]

The practice of fasting during the month of Ramadaan was prescribed upon the Muslims two years after the Hijrah of the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam). The Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) lived for 9 more years after that.

 

 

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

1. A pillar of Islam
2. Obligation of Fasting
3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan
4. One reliable witness’ presence is sufficient
5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual
6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness
7. Requirements of a valid fast
8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting
9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
Chapter 4: Repayment
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

 

1 Response to “Fiqh of Siyaam: Fasting is a pillar of Islaam”


  1. 1 abukhuyzama September 3, 2006 at 5:20 pm

    salamualaikum

    akhee do you know what happen to IA? I am asking since I saw you there and that you might know.

    walaikum as salaam


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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