Fiqh of Siyaam: One reliable witness’ testimony is sufficient for the sighting

4. One reliable witness’ testimony is sufficient for the sighting

No amount of people not seeing the hilaal (new moon) does not negate the testimony of a reliable witness. This is based on the general concept that a person’s lack of knowledge about something does not mean that it is not there. People are all different; some people have very strong eyesight and can see much vaguer images than other people can see while others have difficulty in seeing. The proof of this is the sahih narration of Ibn Umar (radi Allâhu’ anhu) in the time of the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) and everyone was in Al Medina. Ibn Umar (radi Allâhu’ anhu) said “The people were looking for the moon. And I informed the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) that I had seen it. And the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) fasted (the next day) and he ordered the people to fast.” So we see here that all the people of Medina were looking at the same sky and looking for the same moon. There could’ve been hundreds of people there and were not able to spot the moon except for Ibn Umar (radi Allâhu’ anhu). This shows us that Ibn Umar (radi Allâhu’ anhu) saw the moon and the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) accepted his single testimony even though the rest of the people were not able to spot the moon.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

1. A pillar of Islam
2. Obligation of Fasting
3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan
4. One reliable witness’ presence is sufficient
5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual
6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness
7. Requirements of a valid fast
8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting
9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

3 Responses to “Fiqh of Siyaam: One reliable witness’ testimony is sufficient for the sighting”


  1. 1 muslim September 5, 2006 at 1:10 pm

    are “complicated astronomical calculations” a sufficient witness? :)

  2. 2 hijab August 16, 2007 at 12:57 am

    I wish we could all just have one Eid instead of disagreeing on this. In the UK we end up having two or three


  1. 1 Fiqh of Siyaam: Fasting is a pillar of Islaam « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 4:04 pm

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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