Fiqh of Fasting: Intention to Break Fast Invalidates the fast

2. Intention to break fast

Even if a person only has the intention that he/she will break his fast is reason enough for his fast to be invalidated. If one thinks that it is too hard and he wants to go get a hamburger and sits in the car and then he changes his mind and says “AstaghfirAllah!!” then it is too late and he/she has already broken the fast and has to make it up. And there is a trivial difference of opinion regarding whether intention is a pillar or condition of fasting. The Hanafees and Hanbalees are of the view that the intention is a condition of the fast being valid. The Maalikees and Shaafa’ees were of the view that it is a pillar in addition to abstinence. Either way in this case if the intention is lost the thing itself is lost, when you lose the pillar or the condition is still not there then the thing itself is not there or incomplete.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen
2. Intention to break fast
3. Fluctuating Intention to fast
4. Vomiting intentionally
5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding
6. Masturbation
7. Marital Relations
8. Cupping for both parties
9. Death
10. Apostasy
11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

3 Responses to “Fiqh of Fasting: Intention to Break Fast Invalidates the fast”


  1. 1 Masum September 7, 2009 at 7:36 am

    I love this Paragraph. very informative & well detailed.

  2. 2 Power Home Solar Review January 27, 2010 at 3:36 am

    Great site, I will be back. Well done

  3. 3 tawakalt October 18, 2010 at 4:13 pm

    salam,i want to repay back my fast,those ones i missed durin ramadan,,,pls i want to ask if i can plit,like 4 dis mnth nd d rst anoda mnth,nd what is to recite before eating nd when to break d fast.
    thank you.

    ma sallam.


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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