Islamic Rulings Surrounding Fasting and Ramadhaan: Fiqh As Siyaam (Sawm)

Over a year ago I listened to a few lectures about the Fiqh of Siyaam, and really liked them and decided to take some comprhensive notes on those lectures. The lectures were by Salim Morgan and he explained a commentary to a popular Hanbali text. The commentary is called Manar As Sabeel Fee Sharh Ad Daleel and the Hanbali text is called Ad Daleel at Talib. I will be posting up all my notes from these sessions insha-Allah. My notes basically have the ruling issued by the Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH), May Allah have Mercy upon him. There were a few issues in which I had changed the ruling because I learned another ruling from other teachers and started to follow that ruling. Here are the table of contents for the entire lecture series. I plan on finishing posting up all my notes from all the sessions on the fiqh of fasting a few days before the end of Sha’baan. There are about 30 points, some very short compared to others, while some very long. 30 points in 20 days(23-24 dys to Ramadhaan) is very reasonable. I have also included the contents on the sidebar for easy navigation insha-Allah.

Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

1. A pillar of Islam
2. Obligation of Fasting
3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan
4. Inability of people not seeing the moon doesn’t negate its presence
5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual
6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness
7. Requirements of a valid fast
8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting
9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions
1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan
2. Conditions in which breaking of fast is obligatory
3. Conditions in which breaking of fast is recommended
4. Conditions in which breaking of fast is permissible
5. Starting a fast when one fulfills the requirements for the obligation of fasting
6. One not allowed to fast in a day of Ramadhan cannot fast another in its place

Chapter 3: Things which break the fast
1. Acts or Conditions that break the fast
2. Breaking the fast due to forgetfulness doesn’t break the fast
3. Accidental consumption of something doesn’t break the fast

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

Allah Knows Best.

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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