Archive for the 'Islamic Sciences' Category

Letter on Life and Studying in Mauritania

Bismillah arRahman arRaheem

This is a comment posted on The FIKS website by Iesa Keith Washington in response to Abu Taubah’s talk on Studying in Mauritania. I thought it was an informative post, specially those wishing to go study in Mauritania, alHamdulillah, so decided to post it here.

Abu Taubah:

As-Salaamu alaykum,

This is a comment from Iesa Keith Washington, (presently in Mauritania). Edited by abu taubah

Iesa Keith Washington:

“There are a lot Salafi brothers studying things other than Aqeedah among the sufis in villages such as Nabbaaghiyyah.

Umm Al-Qurrah is a ghost town, and has been declining since last year when the shiekh returned from abroad and was ill. (Umm al Qurraa has always been a ghost town. it has never been of benefit for anyone who could not sit for a long time. My brother dawoud, who lives in Umm al Qurraa, was studying in Ummul Qurraa up until last month. Not everyday with the shaykh, but the resident knows how to get in doors that are otherwise closed to the visitor.)

Muhammad Hassan (the shaykh’s nephew “dadew”) has a masjid called “Usama” and a school in Arafaat, and a few new schools have opened issuing college degrees for islamic studies and the baadia (open desert) has dried up with many of the students trying to get govt. scholarships so as to leave the country and make money abroad.

This was probably in part to students from abroad issuing online info. about Mauritania, which I think has allowed it’s enemies to study how to shift the influence that studying in the baadia has on the populace, as well as weaken the influence of Mauritania’s Senior Scholars.

There are so many scholars in this country, truly you don’t need a name – you just need to come and find your own place. It’s safe so you don’t need someone to hold your hand, and all the western conviences are now available, you can buy almost everything here in the grocery stores just like in the States. Lobster here is cheap, so eat up if you like seafood. (umm taubah’s sister, Umm TalHah has a store in the city selling american products and can get you just about anything. mention my name and pay double.)

I just assited in a couple of childbirths and the process was clear, easy and professional. You can choose a local clinic, or pay for the frills. The Local Clinic is good enough and Hospitals are now adequate and growing by the day.

I had begun a file explaining the approximate expenses necessary for building your own tent in the baadia, to constructing a high-rise apt. A Virus, which is one of the biggest problems out here, ate it. Inshaa Allaah I will rewrite it and present it shortly.

Also this country is francophone (meaning, if it is not in Arabic it is in French) so bring your own books if you want to read English, also Spanish is popular here as The Western Sahaara, the country bordering Mauritania to the north, is an Arab-Spanish speaking country.

We have longtime students, students who come and go, and Muhajarin families living here now, so it’s all good in the hood. ( You will not be alone)

There has begun a culture of begging from amongst the western foreign students (the Americans, French etc…) this didn’t exist before. It’s okay to give, ask for, and take assistance, but some brothers are taking it too far.

They are harming us all by their actions. And people are tired of them. Be careful about giving handouts! When you hear a story that touches your heart be careful about offering assistance. Some people know you have saved up your money and have come a long way, and they want to take advantage of your soft heart and desire to get closer to Allaah. They are trying to decieve you. Remember the sunnah of begging. A person should come with two notable witnesses from his people to bear witness as to the veracity of his situation. And as a travellor you should be wise and make duaa for the person and at the most, pay them for whatever services they render for you.

Things have changed, but it’s still good. Alhamdulillah, now you have more options between the City and the Baadia, but nothing compares to the Baadia. Among the changes are more cars; and cellphones are everywhere. The internet is even available now in the baadia with a wireless hook-up.”

Abu Taubah:

I have butchered this comment tremendously to suit the objectives of this website. And with Allaah alone is perfection and success. I thank Iesa for his update and ask Allaah to reward me and him with good in this world and more on the last day. Anyone who reads this and benefits, dont forget to make duaa for me, the fiks family and Iesa.
This walHamdulillaah,
abu taubah

May Allah aid those pursuing the sacred knowledge of this deen.

Yasir Qadhi: Q&A from Practical Steps to Seek Islamic Knowledge in America (Audio)

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullah,

Like I promised earlier in this post that I would have the Q&A up within a week insha’Allah. Well here it is! I split the Q&A into different tracks so people can choose which answers they wish to listen to and I have also included a summary of the question asked right above each audio segment.

THE LECTURE AUDIO: Click Here!

Question 1: Advice on going overseas to study Islam for a period of time. Recommended to go and study what?

Question 2: Traditionally students would stick with one teacher for long periods of time. Would you think that listening to different teachers give you a disadvantage in your Islamic Studies?

Question 3: How would you recommend one to prioritize one’s studies? Should we leave what we have started or finish it and then start?

Question 4: Advice on how to determine who to take knowledge from realizing there are many different groups out there.

Question 5: Manners and Etiquettes of the beginner Student of Knowledge

Question 6: Increase and Decrease in himma. Switching form CD Set to CD Set and Book to Book

Question 7: Higher Levels of Seeking Knowledge like Western Academia and Secular Institutions

Question 8: Other Options besides alMaghrib to Seek Islamic Knowledge with a High Calibre

Question 9: Advice on Acting Upon the Knowledge that you Seek
Question 10: Advice Regarding Someone who asks Useless Questions that don’t Necessarily have Answers or Benefit
&
Question 11: Advice on Someone who wants to Translate Classical Islamic Texts as their goal.

Question 12: Advice on Options for Single Sisters to study Islamic Sciences abroad.

Question 13: Advice on Encouraging others to take an Extra Step to Seek Knowledge

Question 14: Advice on Memorizing Verses for Quoting it to get Points Across

Question 15: Advice on Studying Arabic a Priority or Other than it

THE LECTURE AUDIO: Click Here!

Uloom alHadeeth with Shaykh Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahamtullah,

In spirit of the next alMaghrib seminar – Chain of Command: Intro to Hadith Sciences – I make yet another post in the field of the Sciences of Hadith. These are a 10 part lecture series by Shaykh Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips entitled “Uloom alHadeeth”. The series is about 9 1/2 Hours long, alhamulillah, and very intensive. I received these from an awesome brother masha’Allah from the alMaghrib forums. Listen, Enjoy, Gain Knowledge, and most importantly act upon what you learn, insha’Allah!

60.38 MB – 65:56 Minutes
[Part 1]

42.05 MB – 45:55 Minutes
[Part 2]

56.17 MB – 61:20 Minutes
[Part 3]

20.45 MB – 22:19 Minutes
[Part 4]

82.07 MB – 89:37 Minutes
[Part 5]

28.29 MB – 30:53 Minutes
[Part 6]

54.43 MB – 59:26 Minutes
[Part 7]

55.95 MB – 61:05 Minutes
[Part 8]

85.05 MB – 92:53 Minutes
[Part 9]

42.21 MB – 46:05 Minutes
[Part 10]

Yasir Qadhi: Practical Steps to Seek Islamic Knowledge in America (Audio)

UPDATE: The download link is at the bottom and The Q&A is up as well – Click Here!!

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahamtullah,

This is in regards to this post from earlier in the week. I got my hands on the audio alhamdulillah. I thought this was an awesome lecture, and really benefited from the few ahadith Shaykh Yasir Qadhi quoted that I had never heard before. The other stuff he talked about was discussed many times before and I have heard it multiple times alhamdulillah. An example of this is at the lecture at MIST National in the Summer of ’06 in Houston, TX entitled – Advice from an Older Brother.

One thing I noticed about this talk was that he heavily emphasized learning two fields in Islam that every Muslim should ahve a basic fundamental understanding of, namely, ‘Aqeedah (He said theology, I’m not too comfortable using the word yet) and Fiqh. And he recommended some books and audio lectures that everyone should read or listen to. They are:

‘Aqeedah
Books:
Fundamentals of Tawheed by Bilal Philips
Critical Study of Shirk by Yasir Qadhi

Audio:
The Two Shahadas
[alHuda Books Houston] [Muslim Audio] [ILMQuest]by Yasir Qadhi ($25 is cheapest at alHuda)
Critical Analysis of Shirk [Part 1 Part 2 Part 3] by Yasir Qadhi

Fiqh
Books:Fiqh Made Easy by Saalih alSadlaan
A Summary Of Islamic Jurisprudence by Shaykh Salih Al Fawzan

He also mentioned two books for the Seerah:

He highly recommended the book by Shaykh SafiurRahman Mubarakpuri entitled: The Sealed Nectar. And also the Seerah book by Martin Lings – “Muhammad (SAW): His Life Based on the Earliest Sources”, but mentioned that there are a few points of theology in the book that might be incorrect.

The available audio itself – Pros – I edited all the technical issues that we had and most of the disturbances. Also took out long pauses and breaks or questions about missed information from the call. Cons – No Q&A (read further) and no download for right now. I will post the Q&A later in the week insha’Allah, Make du’aa to Allah. There were about 14 amazing and really juicy (some of them) questions. I have it ready just need time to perfect it a bit more insha’Allah, and possibly post it here. And the download I am holding off on, it will take me a while to get all the files together into a high quality mp3 and also need to get approval from CZ MSA (The best MSA Zone in N. America), isnha’Allah. So just sit tight, and until then just listen to the audio insha’Allah!

Track 1: Intro by MSa Central Zone Rep Aamer Ahmed
3:13 Minutes

Track 2: Yasir Qadhi – Importance of Seeking Islamic Knowledge
14:23 Minutes

Track 3: Yasir Qadhi – Practical Steps to Seek Islamic Knowledge in America
32:30 Minutes

Download Lecture: Click Here! 

ENJOY!!!

Online Resources for Studying the Sciences of Hadith

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullah,

Since we have the Chain of Command: Sciences of Hadith alMaghrib Institute Seminar coming to Houston the last two weekends of June, insha’Allah, I thought I start preparing for it, even though there is that chance I might not be in Houston during that time. I have noticed that if I don’t mentally prepare myself for an alMaghrib class it is hard for me to get the most benefit out of it. due to this I have skipped a few in the past year. Whereas the years before I didn’t skip out on a single one! So I first decided to track down all the online resources available. Most of the audio I have listened to already, what is left is the articles, and e-books, insha’Allah. So the following is the result of my search. If anyone knows of any other articles, posts, links that i should include in here please let me know, insha’Allah. jazakallahu khayran. was Salaam ‘alaykum wa Rahmatullah.

Blessings of Seeking Knowledge by Yasir Qadhi
Ettiquettes of a Student of Knowledge by Yasir Qadhi

Love for the Prophet (SAW) in Faith and Practice by Mamdouh Muhammad
Loving the Prophet (SAW) by Yasir Qadhi
Being Like the Prophet (SAW) by Abu Muntasir

Intro
Introduction to the Sunnah – Article – by Shaykh Suhaib Hasan
Definition of the Sunnah and The Importance of it in Islam by Yusuf Estes

What is Hadith?
The Importance of Hadith by Yahya Ibrahim

Status of the Sunnah Part 1 Part 2 by Shaykh Jamal Zarabozo
The Status of the Sunnah in Islam (.pdf) by Shaykh alAlbani (Rahimullah) [Web Page Link]
Legal Status of the Sunnah Part 1 Part 2 by Yasir Qadhi

The Sunnah came to explain the Quran (.pdf) by Shyakh alAlbani

Defense of the Sunnah Part 1 Part 2 by Shaykh Muhammad Hassan Translated by Yasir Qadhi
Guarding the Heritage of the Prophet (SAW) by Shaykh Ja’far Idris

Study of Hadith Sciences
How to Study the Sciences of Hadith according to Shaykh Maylibari from Ahl alHadith Blog

Fiqh (Jurisprudence) and Sunnah by Shaykh Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
Hadith and It’s relation to Qur’an and Fiqh in Brief and Some More here from Ahl alHadith Blog

History and Preservation
History of the Sunnah – Article (alJumuah Magazine 09/09/2006)
Preservation of the Sunnah by Shaykh Suhaib Hassan
Importance adn relevance of the Sunnah and a Brief History of it’s Preservation – Yusuf Estes
Preservation of Hadith Over the Generations from IslamicSciences Blog
The Origin and Development of Hadith from Ahl alHadith

Sciences of Hadith
An Introduction to the Sciences of Hadith – Book by Shaykh Suhaib Hasan
Sciences of Hadith by Shaykh Bilal Philips
Workshop on Hadith Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 by Shaykh Jamal Zarabozo
Sciences of Hadith Part 1 Part 2 by Yasir Qadhi
Usool alHadith Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 by Yasir Qadhi
Principles of Hadith Part 1 Part 2 by Shaykh Jamal Zarabozo

Mustalah alHadith
A Brief Look at Classification of Hadith from sleeplesslonging…
Mustalah alHadith – Clasification of Hadith – Image – The Explanation

Mustalh alHadith by Abdur Rauf Shakir Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 Part 8 Part 9 Part 10 Pat 11 Part 12 Part 13 part 14 part 15 Part 16 Part 17 Part 18 Part 19 Part 20

Mandhumat alBayquniyya – English Translation of Poem on MustalahExplanation in English

‘Ilm arRijaal
Importance of the Narrators of Hadith – Article (Islamweb.net)
On The Importance of Knowing Men – Muhaddith AbdurRahman Mu’allami alYamaani

‘Ilm urRiwaaya
Jarh Mufassar and Ta’deel by Shaykh Ahmed Shakir from alBaaith alHadeeth
Risala fil Jarh wa Ta’deel by Hafidh alMundhiree
The Issue of Narrations from Innovators by Hafidh ibn Katheer

Narrators
Abu Huraira: The #1 Man in Hadith by Ahmad Jibril

The Books and Compilers
A Brief Intro to the Various Categories of Hadith Works from Ahl alHadith Blog
Regarding Compilers of Hadith and Intro to the Sunnah from Lotaenterprises Inc.

Two most authentic Books of Hadith – Article (Islamweb.net)
Understanding Sahih Bukhari and Muslim Part 1 Part 2 by Shaykh Jamal Zarabozo

Legend of Islam: Imam Bukhari by Ahmed Jibril
A brief Intro to Bukhari’s Jami from Ahl alHadith
Introduction to Bukhari by Abu Usamah adhDhahabi Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6
A False Accusation Against Bukhari from IslamicSciences Blog

The Muqaddimah of Sahih Muslim by Imam Muslim bin Hajjaj alQushayree alNaysaburee

The Letter from Imam Abu Dawud asSijistani to the People of Makkah Describing his Sunan

Brief Intro to Muwatta of Imam Malik from IslamicSciences Blog
Why isn’t Malik’s Muwatta Amongst the ‘Six Books’ from Lota Enterprises
The Muwatta of Imam Malik in Brief from Ahl alHadith

Mustadrak of alHakim and adhDhahabi’s Talkhis from IslamicSciences Blog

Intro to the reknown work Meshkat alMasabeeh from Ahl alHadith Blog
Commentaries adn translations of Mishkat alMasabeeh from Ahl alHadith

Recent Muhaddithin
Shaykh Nasirudin alAlbani
Allamah Ahmad Shakir

Books and Audio to Buy
Introduction to the Sciences of Hadith – Suhayb Hasan (8 cd’s)
Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature – Mustafa Azami.
Usool alHadeeth by Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips [Web Page Link]
Regarding Compilers of Hadith and Intro to the Sunnah from Lotaenterprises Inc.
Most others are listed here at Islamic Sciences Blog

Hadith Collections and Criticism with Dr. Jonathan brown

asSalaam ‘alaykum wa Rahamtullah,

This is an interesting talk delivered at MIT by University of Washington NELC Assistant Professor Jonathan Brown on Hadith Collections and Criticism. Professor Brown recently completed his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago where his studies focused on the history of Islam, Islamic law, Qur’an and hadith, Islamic historiography, and hermeneutic traditions in Islam. His dissertation is entitled “The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon.”

The lecture series was hosted by the MIT Muslim Students’ Assocation and held on November 18, 2006.

Part I

Part II

Part III

Part IV

Compilation of the Islamic Sciences

al Hāfidh Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalānī (rahīmullāh – d. 852 AH) said:

“From that which occurred was: compilation of hadīth, then tafsīr, then the compilation of issues of fiqh (jurisprudence) eminating from pure opinion, and then the compilation of matters related to actions of the heart.

As for the first matter: It was opposed by ‘Umar (), Abu Mūsā al Ash’arī () and a few others whilst the majority allowed it.

As for the second: It was opposed by a group from the Tābiūn such as Imām ash Sha’bī (d.104H) and a small group. Imām Ahmad (d. 241 AH)’s opposition of this intensified.

Also from that which occurred was the compilation of the sayings about Usūl ad Dīn (fundamentals of the Religion). Some embarked to affirm it (ie the attributes of Allāh), whilst others negated it. The extremists amongst the former went to the extent of making tashbīh (resembling Allāh to his creation), whilst the extremists amongst the latter went to the extent of making ta’tīl (denying the attributes of Allāh). The rejection of this from the Salaf such as Imām Abū Hanīfah (d.150H), Qādī Abū Yūsuf (d.182H) and Imām ash Shāfi’ī (d.204H), and their sayings with regards to censuring the people of Kalām (philosophical speech and theology) is well known. The reason for such censure was that the people of ‘Kalām’ spoke about those matters which both the Prophet () and his Companions () remained quiet about. It is established from Imām Mālik (d.179H) that there did not exist at the time of the Prophet () nor that of Abu Bakr () or Umar (), anything from these desires – meaning: the innovation of the Khawārij, the Rāfidah and the Qadarīyah. Indeed, those who came after the first three excellent generations expanded upon matters which the Imāms of the Tābiūn and those who followed them, rejected.

The people of Kalām did not content themselves, until they filled the Dīn with issues and the sayings of the philosophers. They made this philosophy the basis and the fundamental principle to which everything was referred back to, and all that which opposed it from the narrations (of the Prophet (), his Companions ()and the Salaf who followed them) then ta’wīl (false interpretation ) was made of them, even if they were averse to the result. Nor did they content themselves with just this. They claimed that what they had compiled was the noblest branch of knowledge and the most deserving to be acquired; and that those who did not use what they had laid down, then they were from the laymen and the ignorant ones.

So delight is for the one who clings to what the Salaf were upon, and distances himself from the innovations that the khalaf (the latecomers who opposed the aqīdah and manhaj of the Salaf) introduced. However, if one cannot keep away from it, then let him take only that which he needs and let the way of the Salaf be his intended goal.”

[Fath al Barī (13/253) of Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalānī.]

Related Link: The Feud between the Traditionalist and Rationalist Movements of Islam through History


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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