Fiqh of Fasting: Permissible to break fast for one who begins a journey while fasting

6. Permissible for one who begins a journey while fasting
As mentioned above this is a matter of disagreement among the Sahaaba and a matter of controversy and difference in the early generations. It is again better for a person to investigate the matter on his own rather than blindly follow this book or any other book or person. There is a narration of a person from the salaf (earliest generations of muslims) which is as follows – It is narrated Musnad of Imaam Ahmad (26690) and Sunan Aboo Dawood (2412) narrated that ‘Ubayd ibn Jabr said: I traveled with Abu Basrah al-Ghifaari, the companion of the Messenger of Allaah (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam), in a ship from al-Fustaat (presently Cairo in Egypt) in Ramadaan. He set off then lunch was brought (according to a report narrated by Ahmad: when we sent off from Marsana he ordered that his food be brought). Then he said: ‘Come and eat.’ I said, ‘Can’t we still see the houses?’ Abu Basrah said: ‘Don’t you want to follow the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam)?!’
And also it is narrated form Ibn Qudaamah in al-Mughni (4/347), after stating that one who travels during the day may break the fast: “Once this is established, it is not permissible for him to break the fast until he has left the houses behind, i.e., he has gone past them and has left the buildings behind. “ Al-Hasan said: “He may break the fast in his house, if he wishes, on the day that he intends to leave.” Something similar was narrated from ‘Ata’. Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said: “The view of al-Hasan is odd; no one is allowed to break the fast when not traveling, and there is no evidence for that, either rationally or in the reports.”
There are two opinions regarding this and one may follow whatever he feels the most sure about. According to Imaam Ahmad, Ibn Qudamah in al Mughni(4/345), Ibn Taymiyya in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa(25/212) , Ibn Al Qayyim in Tahdheeb al-Sunan, and Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen in al-Sharh al-Mumti’(6/218) the opinion is that it is permissible to break your fast in Ramadaan and then make it up when one starts traveling in the day. The clearest and simplest rule regarding traveling is once you have packed your provision and left the houses of your town, then you are considered a traveler. And some opinions have stated that, to be on the safe side one should break his fast when the structures of his town are not visible. And Allah Knows Best.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan
2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin
3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life
4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting.
5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling
6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting
7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman
8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day.
9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

0 Responses to “Fiqh of Fasting: Permissible to break fast for one who begins a journey while fasting”



  1. Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s




RSS

Blog Stats

  • 727,484 hits

 

Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

Archives


%d bloggers like this: