Fiqh of Fasting: Intentional Intake of Anything into the Abdomen Invalidates the fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen

Anything that is intentionally taken into the abdomen, the throat, or the sinuses, whether it is liquid or solid can invalidate the fast. Some of the scholars have also added the condition that anything that is nutritious breaks the fast if it enters the body.

A lot of people had the opinion in the past and also some of the madhaaib (pl. madhab) still have the opinion that nothing can even enter the mouth, so one is not allowed to brush his teeth and they base this on the hadith narrated by Aboo Hurayrah who said that the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) said, “….By the One in Whose hand is my soul, the unpleasant smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allaah than the smell of musk.” This is an authentic hadith but nowhere in it does it say that something entering the mouth is prohibited. This is considered to be an indirect proof according to some scholars therefore doesn’t apply.

There is the hadith of the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) that he (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) used the miswak (siwaak – stick to brush teeth with from a special tree) in the day time during the month of Ramadaan. Imaam An Nawawee said in al-Majmoo’ (6/327) that Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Chapter: Using fresh or dry siwaak for one who is fasting … Abu Hurayrah said, narrating from the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam): “Were it not that it would cause hardship for my ummah (Muslim community/nation). I would have commanded them to use the siwaak for every wudoo’ (ablution) .” Imaam Al Bukhaaree said: There is no difference between one who is fasting and one who is not. ‘Aa’ishah said, narrating from the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam): “The siwaak purifies the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.” ‘Ata’ and Qutaadah said: he may swallow his saliva.” The hadith mentioned here are in Sahih Al Bukhaaree (887), and the narration of Aisha also found in Sunan An Nasaa’ee #5, graded authentic by Al Albaanee in Sahih An Nasaa’ee #5. One must also take care of the intention why he puts the thing in his mouth is it to quench the thirst or hunger or for another reason. If for the former it is not allowed.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen
2. Intention to break fast
3. Fluctuating Intention to fast
4. Vomiting intentionally
5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding
6. Masturbation
7. Marital Relations
8. Cupping for both parties
9. Death
10. Apostasy
11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

14 Responses to “Fiqh of Fasting: Intentional Intake of Anything into the Abdomen Invalidates the fast”


  1. 1 Naila October 2, 2006 at 9:03 am

    Assalam o Alaikum
    I want to ask one question that I’m not fasting this month because of my 2 months ago miscarriage because doctor told me to put on some waite for next pregnancy and I’m still feeling weak for fast.Kindly tell me ASAP what do I do?

  2. 2 danishhasan October 2, 2006 at 6:10 pm

    Walaykum As Salaam Wa Rahamtullah dear sister Naila,

    I have sent your question to the more knowledgeable brothers and the schoalrs of Islam, inshaAllah I will have an answer for you from them soon. Until then, maybe the following link can help you answer the question, inshaAllah.

    http://islamqa.com/special/index.php?ref=21589&subsite=14&ln=eng
    Answer#21589 on http://www.IslamQA.com in the english section.

    Please be patient for the answer inshaAllah.

    JazakAllahU khayran
    Was Salaam Alaykum Wa Rahamtullah

  3. 3 hijab August 16, 2007 at 12:32 am

    Mashallah Ramadhan is approcahing we now have about four weeks left. All my friends take their annual leave in Ramadhan, fortunatel for me i work in an Islamic shop so i dont mind working in Ramadhan

  4. 4 Islamic Products September 13, 2007 at 8:22 pm

    Ramadhan is back, so it would be good to get more knowledge on the subject

  5. 5 hayah January 19, 2008 at 3:51 pm

    what if one has marital relationship while fasting, not in Ramdhan(nawafil)? plz reply…

  6. 6 noorul September 9, 2008 at 2:40 pm

    i have one question~
    what about picking your nose or your ears?does that make the fast invalid too??

  7. 7 Mohammed Ibrahim August 19, 2010 at 11:42 am

    if blood comes out of our body does the fast get broken?


  1. 1 Fiqh of Fasting: Chapter 3: That Which Invalidates Fasting « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 19, 2006 at 5:06 pm
  2. 2 Fiqh of Siyaam: Fasting is a pillar of Islaam « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 4:05 pm
  3. 3 Fiqh of Fasting: Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 7:12 pm
  4. 4 Fiqh of Siyaam: Conditions that make Fasting Obligatory « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 7:12 pm
  5. 5 Fiqh of Fasting: Permissible to break fast for one who begins a journey while fasting « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 7:16 pm
  6. 6 Fiqh of Fasting: Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one. « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 7:17 pm
  7. 7 Fiqh of Fasting: Vomiting Intentionally invalidates the Fast « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 7:19 pm

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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