Fiqh of Fasting: Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life

3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life
This may not apply in our condition and our day to day lives (yet) but in other countries where the muslims are in a situation where the chance to save a muslim’s life could be an everyday matter this ruling is helpful. But if one finds himself/herself in such a situation then he/she would know what to do. So, if one was at a scenario where he/she had the choice of saving a person’s life or fasting then it is allowed for him to save the person’s life after breaking his fast. If the benefit outweighs the harm or the outcome is of greater benefit according to the Sharee’ah it is permissible. And in the end the person who breaks his fast for a reason, it is between him and Allah.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan
2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin
3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life
4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting.
5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling
6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting
7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman
8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day.
9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

3 Responses to “Fiqh of Fasting: Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life”


  1. 1 Muslim Wife September 12, 2006 at 1:56 pm

    Woohoo, Another hyderabadi reppin’ al AMaghrib, Masha’allah, lol.

    Masha’allah, great site. May Allah reward you for all your efforts and intentions. Insha’allah it’ll be a source of guidance for all. Ameen.

  2. 2 salman January 3, 2007 at 2:27 am

    hey dude salam u alaikum i was wondering if you could tell me the hadith concerning the man who feeds a fasting person and what the rewards are.

  3. 3 Khanson July 30, 2012 at 9:13 pm

    I am a diabetic person taking insulin on day to day basis but I could not ignore the fasting in the month of Ramado’an. But, one day during my fasting, I found out that my blood glucose level has gone down to 3.4 mmol/lt which is highly dangerous low level in the body. I had no option but to break my fast in order to save myself from going into comma due to hypoglycaemia.

    I have not incurred any penalty as per Islamic jurisprudence but I need to fast this lost day on other day after the month of Ramado’an while feeding a hungry person is of additional benefit.


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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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