Fiqh of Fasting: Recommended to break fast when one is travelling

5. Recommended when one is traveling
Breaking fast is sunnah for one traveling in a manner which allows joining and shortening of prayers. The type of traveling that allows you to shorten you prayers is the one where breaking your fast recommended. The Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) said, “It is not righteousness to fast while you are traveling.” It is recommended for the person not to fast while he/she is traveling because of this hadeeth. The meaning of the hadeeth quoted above is that it necessarily isn’t wrong if one fasts but whether he fasts or not, the reward is the same..
The Sahaaba themselves had difference of opinion regarding this. Some really preferred to fast even though they were traveling, while the others thought that they should not fast because Allah has provided them with a facility. We have the narration of Hamza ibn Amr Al Aslamee (Radi Allahu Anhu), a sahaabee of the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam), who asked the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam), “Should I fast while traveling?” and the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) replied, “If you wish fast, if you wish break your fast”
Also, the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) said “Upon you is the permission of Allah granted to you, so accept it from Him.” And the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) also said, “It is a permission from Allah, so whoever takes this permission that is good and whoever chooses to fast there is no sin upon him” Allah is offering a traveler this permission and one shouldn’t turn it down as Allah is offering something and it is better if one does not reject an offer from Allah.
If you put all those together it comes down to your own choice as to what you want to do and what you feel is closest to the truth. And we shouldn’t look upon the others and say or think in our minds like “Why are you doing that??” because the sahaaba themselves followed either one of these opinions and never questioned each other or criticized each other for it. It doesn’t matter which opinion one follows but from the evidence provided here the second one seems to have a more proof supporting it. And we know this from the Sharee’ah that Allah doesn’t encourage over zealous behavior when it comes to the deen. One should do all that he can to practice the deen and take all the facilities provided to him by the Sharee’ah.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan
2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin
3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life
4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting.
5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling
6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting
7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman
8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day.
9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

17 Responses to “Fiqh of Fasting: Recommended to break fast when one is travelling”


  1. 1 Syed September 23, 2006 at 4:53 pm

    Assalam U alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatu
    So wait you have to make up this fast am I correct? or you dont?
    Wassalam U Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatu
    Syed

  2. 2 abu abdullah September 23, 2006 at 10:49 pm

    so do you make em up or not?

  3. 3 danishhasan September 23, 2006 at 10:56 pm

    yes, you make the fast up, but you will be rewarded for that day whether you fast or not.

  4. 6 mh September 4, 2009 at 7:14 am

    I am travelling for 5 days do I have concession to not fast for the whole period i.e. not only on the day of travel and return, but also while I am staying in the other city away from my country?

    Is it true that I have to leave before dawn on the travel day to be able to use the concession of not fasting while travelling? I am leaving my city at 9 am and departing on my return at 3 pm so on those days am I allowed use the concession?

    While I am away and if I am to break my fasting can eat and drink publically although I am going to be in a Western country so eating and drinking publically doesn’t violate an Islamic seen?

  5. 8 Tanveer September 8, 2009 at 6:52 pm

    hi.
    1. f i am in travelling between one city to another city, estimated distance 300km (two way) with car speed 120km/h so can i (aftar) after Zohar Prayer. 300km it will be 3 hours.

    2. How many distance should be at my home i can leave the fast.

    3. if i start my travel at morning 7.00 AM and returning time will be 3.00 PM then should i can leave.

  6. 9 Ramsha Asad July 21, 2012 at 10:11 pm

    I am currently on a vacation, am I allowed to leave fasts?

  7. 10 ASHFAQ HUSSAIN SINDHI December 7, 2012 at 8:55 pm

    In the light of
    Quran karim FAST is not allowed in travling & illnes , after return in home & wel- helth complete fasts in other days, SEE PARAH 2, SURAH 2 & AAYATH 185

  8. 11 Safaa June 20, 2015 at 11:26 am

    Heloo. I’m muslim, and i want to go to a concert which happens to be in Ramadan. I was wondering if i could not fast that day and make up for it later? Because it’d be inpossible for me to go to the show and not pass out because of dehydration. Plus the show is VERY far away from where i live. I wouldnt stay there

  9. 12 ibn alHyderabadee June 20, 2015 at 11:47 pm

    Salaam and Hello Safaa,

    I have sent you an email.

  10. 13 Suhail Abdul Rehman Chougule June 23, 2015 at 8:47 am

    Salaamz And Ramdaan Kareem To All. On the post above to my confusion since I have become a regular traveller (in and out of Ramdaan) I don’t think I will be able to fast later i.e. after Ramdaan. Secondly I was already dieting like fasting apart from drinking water. So I choose to fast during travel though recommended is not to fast during travel.

    Please let me know what do you think is your opnion.


  1. 1 And when you are asking your Lord, do not forget those… « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 23, 2006 at 5:18 am
  2. 2 travel sickness!! - Chat DD Forums Trackback on August 17, 2010 at 1:35 pm
  3. 3 travel sickness!! - Chat DD Forums Trackback on August 18, 2010 at 4:26 pm

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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