Fiqh of Fasting: Requirements for the validity of a fast

7. Requirements for the validity of a fast.

There are a few requirement that one must meet in order for his fast to be valid. One must notice that these are requirements for the validity of a fast and not conditions for fasting to be obligatory on a person as we have already mentioned those earlier. Some of these may repeat themselves.

a. Islaam – As we mentioned above in the conditions, Islaam is required for a person’s fast to be valid and accepted. Even when a group of non-muslims decide to fast with other muslims for an event like Fast A Thon or when a police chief in the community fasts to show solidarity and they break their fast with the muslims then they will not be rewarded by Allah for this.
b. End of menstrual or post-natal bleeding – This almost always applies to the women. She cannot be in these states in order to fast. If this is the case for any woman then she cannot pray the salawaat (prayers) nor can she fast during this period. The expiation for this will be mentioned later on in another section. For more information or questions on this matter, she can go to www.islamqa.com to get her answers.

c. Pre-maturity (age of rushd) – Children of this age usually around seven, who are physically able are to be ordered to fast by their parents to become accustomed to fasting. This is not the age when a person is obligated to do it rather this is the age when if one does it then the fast is still valid. So when he reaches the age of buloogh and it is obligatory upon him, then it isn’t as tough upon him because he has done this before and knows what to expect. The Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) said, “Order your children to fast at seven and punish them for not doing it at ten”
d. Sanity – Same as mentioned above that an insane person cannot and is not required to perform any act of worship. When he regains his sanity he is required to fast again, until then the fast is not valid.
e. Intention from the night – Merely being aware any time in the night that one is fasting is sufficient to make the following days fast valid. As mentioned earlier this is for the obligatory fasts. The Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever does not intend to fast from before dawn, there is no fast for him (i.e., his fast does not count).” [Abu Dawood, 2454; al-Tirmidhi, 730; classed as saheeh by al-Albaanee in Saheeh Abi Dawood]. This is an authentic hadith but there are certain complications surrounding it. This hadith doesn’t seem to apply to voluntary fasting because there are incidents with the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) when he would ask his wives whether they have food to eat and they would say that they had nothing to eat. So the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) would say that he is fasting. So from this we can deduce that it doesn’t apply to voluntary fasting and we can safely say that you can start a voluntary fast after you have started the next day.

One doesn’t have to pronounce the intention verbally unless there is evidence present in the sunnah of the Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) saying that a verbal intention is required for the act. Having intention in the heart is sufficient. And in Ramadaan we have the intention at all times that we will be fasting until the end of the month.

Also, eating something at night with intention that one is doing so because he/she will be fasting the next day is enough. Conditional intention is accepted before knowledge of the status of the next day. When one goes to sleep on the 29th of Ramadaan, having not sighted the moon or have information regarding it, not knowing whether or not tomorrow will be the last of Ramadaan or Eid, first of Shawwal. So the intention would be if tomorrow is Shawwal I will not fsat and if tomorrow is Ramadhan I will fast.

Related Posts:
Prologue
Introduction
Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan

1. A pillar of Islam
2. Obligation of Fasting
3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan
4. One reliable witness’ presence is sufficient
5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual
6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness
7. Requirements of a valid fast
8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting
9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Conditions in which breaking fast is Permissible, Impermissible, or Recommended
Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast
Chapter 4: Repayment of Missed or Broken Fasts
Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting

(Chapter 4 & 5 – Insha’Allah comming soon around Eid al Fitr)

7 Responses to “Fiqh of Fasting: Requirements for the validity of a fast”


  1. 1 Anis Safiee September 15, 2006 at 5:34 am

    Assalamualaykum,
    I just want to make sure of this hadeeth in the article..

    The Prophet (sall Allâhu’ alayhi wa sallam) said, “Order your children to fast at seven and punish them for not doing it at ten”

    Is it to fast..? Or to pray..?
    Jazakallah khair.

  2. 2 Ibn Al Hyderabadee September 15, 2006 at 3:23 pm

    Walaykum As Salaam Wa Rahmatullah,

    I am not very sure, i coudl check up on it. Most of these are from notes i took from lectures by br. Salim Morgan, he taught this book and then in the intor he said he supplemented the narrations from Irwaa al ghaleel of shaykh al albanee to veryify the narrations. I took his words but i could look into it and give an update isnhaAllah.

    Sorry i coudlnt help.

    Was Salaam Alaykum Wa rahamtullah

  3. 3 Anis Safiee September 16, 2006 at 5:51 am

    Assalamualaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu,
    Jazakallah khayr for your reply. Here is what I found:
    An excerpt from Shaykh Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid’s statement:

    “It is encouraged that children observe fasting when they reach the age of seven, if they are physically capable of bearing it.

    Some Muslim scholars state that the child should be physically disciplined if he does not fast by the age of 10, which is the same rule that is applied to prayer.

    This is stated in the book of Al-Mughni. Al-Rubayyi’ bint Mu’awwadh (may Allah be pleased with her) said about fasting `Ashoura’ at the time when it was mandatory to fast it and not voluntary: We used to make our young children fast, and we made them a toy made out of wool. If one of the them cried (wanting) food, we would give him the toy to distract him until it was time to break the fast. (Reported by Al-Bukhari Fath).

    (`Ashoura’ is the tenth day of the month of Muharram. Although fasting this day is now voluntary, the majority of Muslims usually fast it.)

    So IMHO, maybe the statement in question is not a hadeeth attributed to Rasulullah (pbuh). Wallahuta’ala a’lam.

  4. 4 zayd April 30, 2007 at 7:25 pm

    I need answer for the following:

    What is the difference between Muslim and Momin? What is the fundimental difference?

    What is the answer to the following question: Yes Or No?

    Can you Fast without Praying? Will it be accepted to allah?

    Can you tell me the exact difference between Muslim and Momin please…

    thank you.


  1. 1 Fiqh of Siyaam: Fasting is a pillar of Islaam « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 4:04 pm
  2. 2 Fiqh of Fasting: Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life « IBN AL HYDERABADEE Trackback on September 26, 2006 at 7:15 pm
  3. 3 why is tramadol considered addictive Trackback on August 26, 2007 at 8:22 am

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Fiqh As Sawm

Islamic Rulings Surrounding Ramadhan and Fasting. Based on “Manar As Sabeel Fi Sharh Ad Daleel” Of Shaykh Ibraheem ibn Duwaiyan (d. 1353 AH) as explained by Br. Salim Morgan. Transcribed and Edited By Ibn Al Hyderabadee

Prologue Introduction

Chapter 1: Fasting in Ramadhaan
1. A pillar of Islam 2. Obligation of Fasting 3. Sighting of the Moon for start of Ramadhaan 4. One reliable witness' presence is sufficient 5. Conditions that make Ramadhan Obligatory for an Individual 6. Expiation for the inability to fast due to age or illness 7. Requirements of a valid fast 8. Obligations to fulfill during fasting 9. Recommended acts of fasting

Chapter 2: Permissions and Prohibitions

1. Impermissible to break fast during Ramadhan 2. Prohibited to fast for a woman in her menstrual or post-partum bleedin 3. Obligatory to break it when it is required to save a person’s life 4. Recommended to break fast for one who is ill and fears harm from fasting. 5. Recommended to break fast when one is traveling 6. Permissible for one to break fast who begins a journey while fasting 7. Permissible for a pregnant or nursing (breast feeding) woman 8. Change of condition of a person doesn’t obligate one to refrain from eating and drinking the rest of the day. 9. Prohibited to fast a voluntary fast instead of an obligatory one.

Chapter 3: That which Invalidates Your Fast

1. Intentional Intake of anything into the abdomen 2. Intention to break fast 3. Fluctuating Intention to fast 4. Vomiting intentionally 5. Menstruation or Post Partum Bleeding 6. Masturbation 7. Marital Relations 8. Cupping for both parties 9. Death 10. Apostasy 11. Above are Exempted in some cases

Chapter 4: Repayment
1. Missing a day of fast in Ramadhan
2. When does one make up a missed fast
3. If missed fast are not made up until few dats before next Ramadhan
4. Missed fasts first or voluntary?

Chapter 5: Recommended, Disliked, and Impermissible Days of Fasting
1. Recommended Every Other Day Sawn Dawood
2. The three white days of every Islamic month
3. Six days of Shawwaal
4. Month of Muharram and the 10th
5. Ten days of Dhil Hijja and that of Arafat
6. Disliking of the month of Rajab
7. Disliking of the day of Friday
8. Disliking of the 30th of Shabaan
9. Impermissibility of fasting on the two Eids
10. Completing of a voluntary fast is not Wajib

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